African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPSIR Articles in press

Transformations in Nigeria’s Foreign Policy: From Balewa To Obasanjo

Article in Press

This article re-examines and reassess Nigeria’s Foreign Policy from 1960 to 1979. From independence in 1960, all the administrations in Nigeria had similar foreign policy objectives until 1975when General Murtala Mohammed became the head of state. General Mohammed was killed in a failed military coup d’état and General Olusegun Obasanjo, his deputy, became the head of state. Hence, the usage of Mohammed-Obasanjo...

Author(s):Dele Jemirade

Poverty Trap and the Debacle of Economic Development in Nigeria

Article in Press

In 1973, Gowon the then Head of State of Nigeria proclaimed that money is not the country’s problem, but how to spend it. At that time, Nigeria was awash with oil money accruing to her from the oil boom. Today, Nigeria is regarded as the poverty capital of the world making scholars of development to question what really went wrong; where did the country got it all wrong? It is thus in view of this rapid decline from...

Author(s):Rufus, Anthony

SOCIAL MEDIA’S INFLUENCE ON POLITICAL RIGHTS IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

Article in Press

Does social media have any effect on political rights in developing countries? We examine the impact of social media on political rights in 51 African countries. Political rights, which are similar to but separate from the notion of democracy, are associated with representation by the people’s choice. The continuous rise of information communication technologies like social media has enabled citizens to express their...

Author(s):Ajibola Victor

John Rawls’ Theory of Justice: a Retrospection of Nigeria’s Social and Politico-Economy Phenomena

Article in Press

Nigeria as a country is characterised by a lopsided federal structure, and regionally based party – politics, plus other primordial sentiments of ethnicity and religion that stand to hurt the existence of a just society. These foundational challenges make the possibility of an egalitarian community such that is capable of ensuring Nigeria’s political and socio-economic development doubtful. Hence, this study undertakes a...

Author(s):Samuel S. Idowu

The politics of the Coronavirus and its impact on international relations

Article in Press

Pandemic outbreaks are not a new phenomenon globally. There is plethora of evidence to prove that the world has faced pandemics before. However, each epidemic has its own defining features, happens at its own magnitude, and has its own discernible impact on humans, animals and the environment. Importantly, societies are affected differently by these pandemics. Therefore, it is both fair and proper to argue that the current...

Author(s):Mngomezulu Bheki Richard

Ethnic Political Conflicts in Ethiopia and Its Repercussions on Neighboring States (1991-2019)

Article in Press

The article attempted to identify, explain and interprets the multidimensional security repercussion of ethnic political conflicts in Ethiopia on the neighboring countries in the period 1991-2018. The study specifically focused on the conflicts between the regime in power and Oromo/Somali ethnic based rebel groups. Key informant interview and FGD were employed to gather primary data which was substantiated by secondary...

Author(s):Solomon Desalegn Negash

The Grand Missed Opportunities for Change in the Modern Ethiopian Political History: Lesson to be learnt for Contemporary Democratic Transition

Article in Press

Ethiopia has lost five golden opportunities, often called as ‘missed chances’ and ‘grand failure’ by Donald Levine and MereraGudina respectively. Now Ethiopia has got its six golden opportunities. Nevertheless, do the current democratic transition will success /bring democratic consolidation/ or fail/reversion to authoritarianism/ remains an elusive forever. This article, therefore, attempted to examine the lesson to be...

Author(s):Gashaw Ayferam Endaylalu

The Strategic joint venture among Pak-US in commotion: A Strategic prerequisite or a Strategic gaffe

Article in Press

In this paper we examine the fragile relation between Pakistan and US. After the independence from the British raj Pakistan patch up its associations with US, it was an additional shackle of slavery with Pakistan. The kindred between Pakistan and US stay put zigzag during the unusual periods of time. The period between fifties& sixties shows the sophisticated relationship due to the cold war between US and USSR. In...

Author(s):Azmat Ali Shah, Sajid Hussain, Miraj Uddin, M. Jamsheed Ali Baloch, Humera Hukro

Human Rights Impacts of Development Induced Displacement in Addis Ababa: The Case Study of Kirkos Sub City Woreda 11

Article in Press

Development induced displacement is an ever rising global phenomena which displaced people from their homes, home lands and place of usual residence. This study examines human rights impacts of development-induced displacement in Addis Ababa, kirkos sub city woreda 11. The study employed qualitative research approach. Data was collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primary sources of data were collected through...

Author(s):Negera Gudeta Adula

Developmental state and democratization:Complementary or Contradictory? Some Reflections on Ethiopian Democratic Developmental State

Article in Press

This study examines the nexus between developmental state and democratization with references to Ethiopian democratic developmental state as the case study. The study employed qualitative research approach as the research methodology. This study is based on desk and policy review and review of literature related to developmental state and democratization in general and democratic developmental state of Ethiopia in...

Author(s):NEGERA GUDETA

Health Care Decentralization in Burundi. What type of Decentralized Health Care System do we have?

Article in Press

From the mid-1980s onwards, a wave of decentralization reforms swept across the developing world. A wide range of governments embarked on state reform processes aimed at transferring responsibilities, resources and authority from higher to lower levels of government. The Government of Burundi also embarked on a series of decentralization reforms. One of these reforms has been the decentralization of the health sector...

Author(s):Stève Cédric Bizimana

DISSECTING THE ROLE OF PARLIAMENT OF ZIMBABWE IN KEY FOREIGN POLICY DECISIONS

Article in Press

Parliaments, all over the world are expected to be the central institutions of democracy, embodying the will of the people hence should play a proactive role in the executive’s policy formulation and execution. The aim of this paper is to assess the dilemma that the parliament of Zimbabwe has faced in contributing to the formulation and execution of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy in particular. The Constitution of Zimbabwe,...

Author(s):Cleophas Gwakwara, Zwelibanzi Mpehle and Ricky Munyaradzi Mukonza

Vote Trading, Voters Behaviour and Electoral Governance in Nigeria

Article in Press

The objective of this study is to assess the impact of vote trading on voters behaviour, and examine the implications of vote trading on electoral governance in Osun State 2018 governorship election in Nigeria. A survey of questionnaire administration was employed to elicit information from voters and ad-hoc staff officials of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) that participated in the election. Results...

Author(s):Peter O. IRABOR and Kayode, W. OLAWOYIN

The United Nations (UN) and Human Rights. Challenges and Prospects

Article in Press

The two World Wars (1914-18, 1939 – 1945) cannot be forgotten easily This is because of its uncanny brutality and imponderable consequences which in no small measure demonstrated , man’s capacity to destroy himself and decimate the environment. This assertion is predicated on the millions of people who were gruesomely killed, maimed and properties wantonly destroyed. The proliferation of weapons...

Author(s):Eze Chris Akani

FACTORS THAT AFFECT RURAL YOUTH ACTIVE POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN ALGE SACHI WOREDA OF ILU ABABOR ZONE OF OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Article in Press

This study investigates the factors affecting rural youth active political participation in Alge Sachi Woreda of Ilu Aba Bora zone of Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Two hundred twenty four (224) rural youths were randomly sampled from nine (9) clustered kebeles among 29 rural kebeles in the Woreda. Open-ended questionnaires for those selected sample size and semi structured interviews for those key informants were used...

Author(s):Getachew Mijana Sabu

Influence of gender and ethical moral self on political participation: a study of Southeast, Nigeria

Article in Press

Political participation in Nigeria seems to have taken an unpatriotic dimension as political engagements are assumed to be determined by the immediate financial gain accrued to the individual on account of his or her participation. Thus, the study investigated influence of gender and ethical moral self on political participation in Southeast Nigeria. Five hundred and twenty-nine (529) adult citizens participated in the...

Author(s):OKAFOR, Chiedozie Okechukwu, NWOSUMBA, Victor C., OFFU, Peter

The World of Aid, “in Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better way for Africa by Dambisa Moyo (PP.1-70. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux)

Article in Press

There is no theoretical issue more interesting in contemporary literatures than the controversial dimensions of foreign aid. The author Dambisa Moyo is originally Zambian economist and writer, her books, articles, and public lectures gave more emphasis on the creation of wealth in a global economy.

Author(s):Belayneh Leta

Secession and Border Disputes in Africa: The Case of Sudan and South Sudan Border

Article in Press

Conflicts in Africa are increasingly becoming violent and endemic. Many of these conflicts are related to crises of identities, struggles for resources and power contestations. A few of these conflicts escalate to self-determination, separatist movements, and secession. These conflicts mostly transcend national borders and trigger the alteration and redesigning of national borders, which itself becomes a source of...

Author(s):Abubakar Mohammed and Yahaya T. Baba

The Factors Determining Voter Turnouts in Presidential Elections in Nigeria: Multivariate Correlation Analysis of the 2019 Presidential Election

Article in Press

People’s active participation in elections is one of the key measures of electoral democracy. The people’s lack of interests or apathy in elections tends to undervalue the democratic process, engender mistrust in political institutions, and enthrone unaccountable leadership. This is why voter turnout is a crucial aspect of electoral studies. Even though Nigeria has successfully undergone two decades of uninterrupted...

Author(s):Olalekan Waheed Adigun

The Role of Refugees in the Development of Nation States: A Sub-Saharan African Perspective

Article in Press

Across the globe, concerns have been expressed that accepting massive influx of refugees impacts on access to scarce available resources to meet the basic needs of the general populace of the host nation. This is a socially constructed view in the mind of some observers that refugees are a burden to the receiving states. BUT is this true? In an attempt to answer the question, this paper explores the role played by refugees...

Author(s):John Bosco Nizeimana, Celestin Mulindahabi

Tremendous Relations between Pakistan and Iran Creates Opportunities, confronts & panoramas

Article in Press

At present moment however, both countries are looking forward towards strong relations that once damaged. The tensions that Iran holds regarding the role of United States of America being an oppressor itself and the supporter as well of other oppressive powers in the region, and the ongoing challenges in Iraq and Afghanistan are ever increasing the anxiety on Iranian side. And in this situation Pakistan needs to carefully...

Author(s):Azmat Ali Shah

Natural Resource Governance in Africa

Article in Press

The continent of Africa is one of the most richly endowed continents with natural resources that would have placed it on a world map as the most developed continent but not many countries have succeeded in turning the revenues from these natural resources to enduring economic benefits. This phenomenon often described as the “resources curse” has not only stalled development but has created such grinding poverty and...

Author(s):Aluu Vincent Ogbonnia

Voters’ Education And Credible Election In Nigeria: Issues And Challenges Of 2019 General Elections

Article in Press

Following the transition from military dictatorship to democracy, the Nigerian-state has suffered several electoral misconducts since 1999. In an attempt to stop this ugly trend, voters’ education and effective electoral institution remain integral to a successful conduct of the electoral process especially, in a bid to grow and sustain the democratic process in Nigeria. Albeit, voters’ education has been acknowledged as a...

Author(s):Saheed Olasunkanmi ODUOLA, Bana SAWANEH and Hayatullah Boladale HASSAN

WHEN YOU THINK OF A GLOBAL IR THEORY, THINK UHURU NA UJAMAA

Article in Press

“A nation which refuses to learn from foreign cultures is nothing but a nation of idiots and lunatics. Mankind could not progress at all if we all refused to learn from each other. But [this] …does not mean we should abandon our own [to embrace] the sort of learning from which we can benefit is the kind which can help us to perfect and broaden our own culture” (Nyerere 1966: 187). The question, “Is there a Global IR...

Author(s):

Democratic Elections and Legitimacy Crisis in African Political Systems. Enhancing Election Credibility towards Fair Vote

Article in Press

Wide participation of citizens in the selection of leaders into public offices lends credibility to democratic system and enhances the level of acceptance of the elected leaders among citizens. However, the increasing volume of invalid votes in the recent times has cast lots of doubts on the level of citizen’s participation in the national elections in Sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the study explored vote counts and...

Author(s):

The Democracy Deficit in the Effort to Resolve the Niger Delta Question in Nigeria

Article in Press

This paper reflects on the inadequacy of democratic principles in the effort to resolve the Niger Delta question in Nigeria. Beyond the ethnic, regional and general sectional basis of the desire for restructuring generally in Nigeria, the theory of federal democracy provides a foundation for understanding and addressing those agitations. We focus on the agitations in the oil rich Niger Delta that is core to the agitations...

Author(s):

Youth and Political Socialization in Ethiopia: Thirty Years Balance Sheet

Article in Press

Political Socialization determines the future strength and weakness of one’s country leadership and societal solidarity. The aim of this paper is to investigate youth’s political socialization in Ethiopia since 1990s. The study use qualitative research approach. To achieve the intended goals secondary sources of data were collected from books, journal articles, academic curriculums, reports, newspapers, magazines and media...

Author(s):WolloUniversity

China’s Engagement in the Promotion of Peace and Security in the Horn of Africa: An Interplay of Big Power Responsibility and Geopolitical Interest

Article in Press

The Horn of Africa is a term given to the geographic map in the North East part of the African continent. In its wider spatial conception, geopolitical significance, communalities of challenges of peace and security, the nature of state politics and relations, the fluctuating nature of conflict and cooperation, as well as convergence and divergences of interests, the region encompasses eight countries. The region connects...

Author(s):PhD Candidate

Wolaytta’s Quest for Statehood: A Historical Overview and Analysis of Contemporary Quests for Regional Statehood in Ethiopia’s Federation

Article in Press

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):social anthropologist and a lecturer at Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Teachers’ Public Service Motivation and the Academic Performance of Students in Second Cycle Institutions of Ghana

Article in Press

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

INTERROGATING THE SYNERGY BETWEEN ELECTION MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT: THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA

Article in Press

There was a global attention on Nigeria in the runoff to the 2015 general election given the implications of the outcome of the election not only for Nigeria but for Africa as a continent. This is because of the history of electoral violence in Nigeria, and the near state collapse in the country due to the Boko Harram insurgency in the north-eastern part of Nigeria. Thus, the successful conduct of the election would not...

Author(s):Olamide, Temitayo OJOGBEDE, Aluko, Opeyemi Idowu, Oladeji, Isaac Olayide

Representation of Somalia in Western Media: The Piracy Case and BBC

Article in Press

Somalia has been a chaotic situation for the last two decades, civil war broke in 1999 after dethroned central government of Somalia by an armed clan functions, many people lost their lives or their beloved ones and thousands internally displaced others fled to neighboring countries. The humanitarian situation of the displaced people became the worst one in the region. This is attracted the eyes of international donors,...

Author(s):ARAB DAHIR HASSAN

BEYOND A “FAILED” STATE: THE ROLE OF LOCAL POLITICS AND THE INFORMAL ECONOMY IN POST-1991 SOMALIA

Article in Press

Contrary to the stereotypical notion that a "failed" state also results in complete economic collapse, Somalia is a classic example of a vibrant economy without any functioning government institutions. For the Somali people, the informal economy has emerged not only as a daily survival mechanism; it also represents their resiliency and determination to make the best out of the worst situations. In addition to serving as...

Author(s):Chen Jau-Yon

The Igbo, Marginalization And Emergence Of Sectarian Groups In South-East, Nigeria, 1999 - 2018

Article in Press

The paper investigated the Igbo, their alleged cases of marginalization in the politics of Nigeria and emergence of sectarian groups in South East, Nigeria. The Igbo ethnic nationality is located in the South East, Nigeria. The Igbo is highly numerous and populous, with abundance of natural and mineral resources which contributes so much to Nigeria’s national development. Besides, a good number of the Igbo have made and...

Author(s):Alozie, Cyprian C.

Drivers of Political Radicalization and De-radicalization of Terrorism in Northern Nigeria

Article in Press

This article sheds more light on the role of states and the bearing which political and elite interests may have exerted on public support for Boko Haram. It examines the political, socio-economic, and ideological context of the crisis and moves on to map the two dominant de-radicalization approaches; top-down and bottom-up approaches. The article exposes the fault lines of realism’s top-down approaches toward national...

Author(s):Neba Ridley Ngwa

Consolidating Achievements and Making Smooth Transition to Democracy in Ethiopia: A Beginning from Dead End

Article in Press

Ethiopia has been experiencing extreme and repeated mass protests, uprising and society-government relationship crisis over the past two to three decades. The absolute dominance of a single vanguard party, EPRDF as well as the absence of fair representation of Ethiopian nations, nationalities and peoples at federal institutions resulted power dominance by single ethnic group, deterioration of institutions and political...

Author(s):Kena Deme Jebessa

Understanding Rural Violence in North-Central Nigeria: Experience from Nomadic Herdsmen and Rural Farmers

Article in Press

This study examines rural violence in north central Nigeria with experience from nomadic herdsmen and rural farmers. The objective of the study is to deepen knowledge on dynamics of rural violence by identifying and analyzing prevalence of the rural violence , as well as its impact on rural farmers and food crop production. In particular, the study seeks to identify possible efforts by the Nigerian government to...

Author(s):Luke A Amadi, Good Hope Igwe, Uche Ukachikara

Genocide vs. Civil War?

Article in Press

The Rwandan Genocide has been at the forefront of many studies and used as example in countless others and with subjects as varied as conflict, racial hatred, tribal wars, reconstruction, rehabilitation, peace process. Since it happened it is the fourth genocide that has earned this appellation in the UN. This study aims to challenge the generally accepted view that is a genocide pure and simple using three different...

Author(s):Alexandra David

“Developing World” and the New World Order: Strategies for Ending Dependency Syndrome

Article in Press

The study in “Developing World” and dependency is not a mere intellectual exercise. It is about the contests of nations and the wily scheming of states and other actors that have on one hand made masters of some people and on the others permanently consigned them into a dependent race since the last five hundred years. This paper is intended to summarize in review, many of the enlightened opinions on this issue with...

Author(s):Dickson, Emmanuel Ekpe

The Role of Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions in Combating Corruption in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara National Regional State Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission

Article in Press

Corruption is one of the burning issue and impediments for the prevalence of democracy, good governance and sustainable development in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government is aware of the severity of consequences of corruption and regarded it as a compulsive necessity to prevent it. In response to this the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions (EACC) emerged as anticorruption authority for the struggle to create a...

Author(s):Erestu Legese Beyene, Taye Demssie Beshah

Assessing participation in urban land administration: The case of Abi Adi Town, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Land is a single greatest resource of any society so there is a need to ensure good governance in land administration. Efficient, effective, accountable, transparent, participatory and responsive land administration services are as much about the administration of land as they are about the civil service that operates within any country. The general objective of the study was to assess the participation of the populace in...

Author(s):Yohannes Hailu

DIPLOMACY THROUGH PEACE-KEEPING OPERATIONS: ASSESSING THE DYNAMICS OF NIGERIA’S FOREIGN POLICY, 1975-2007

Article in Press

This study seeks to investigate Nigeria’s foreign policy objectives in Africa and the world. Nigeria has employed several means-one of which is reliance on diplomacy of peacekeeping operations. However, one may be tempted to ask, in whose interests are Nigeria’s national interests? Also, what has Nigeria been able to achieve as a country and for its citizens? Hence, this study aims to answer the following research...

Author(s):CHRISTIAN ONYEMAECHI OSUAGWU AND PROF. OBIOMA M. IHEDURU

How Religious Institutions, as Pressure Groups, in Turkey and Pakistan Shape Policies?

Article in Press

Religious institutions have currently emerged as more powerful actors than ever before in many Muslim countries. This matter necessitates reassessing the role of religious institutions in policy making processes in such countries. This paper is a comparative study, employing the ‘Most Similar System Design’ to analyze the role of the religious institutions, as pressure groups, in policy-making processes in Pakistan and...

Author(s):Nader Ganji and Kioomars Ashtarian

Security Agencies and the Challenges of Insecurity in Nigeria

Article in Press

This paper examines the multiple security challenges confronting the Nigerian state with serious security implications for her national security and corporate existence. This is with the view to aptly interrogate the roles of the security agencies especially the Nigerian police and army saddled with the responsibility of enforcing laws and order and defending the territorial integrity of the country from any form of...

Author(s):SOLOMON AYEGBA USMAN

The politics and problem of fiscal federalism and revenue allocation formula in Nigeria: Who should get what, how, when and why?

Article in Press

This paper joins the debate on the fiscal policy of the Nigerian government in terms of the revenue allocation formula of the federating units which has been a recurring theme in the country’s political existence. A review of revenue allocation formulas shows that the tools used as a measure to allocate and distribute revenue had been more of political gerrymandering, with each regime choosing which formula suits them...

Author(s):Basil Chijioke Onuoha, Ufomba Henry, Samuel Etteudo Imoh

The triumph of the Futungo and the end of Angola’s Constitutional Paradox. The 2010 Angolan Constitution in comparative perspective.

Article in Press

This article argues that Angola’s new presidentialist regime, enshrined in the 2010 Constitution, its not an innovation per se but instead the outcome of an old political ambition of the MPLA elite. We will demonstrate that these new presidential features were already de facto in place before 2010, although without any constitutional update, and it was only due to Luanda’s Government legalist behaviour, the need to display...

Author(s):Malik Usman Rashid

The Bio-Politics of (Dis) placement in Sudan: Realpolitik and power behind the IDPs’ regimes

Article in Press

Two points can be pre-introduced for this paper. Firstly, according to “natural” disasters, government policies and internal conflicts Sudan is a country with the highest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world. Secondly, the process of south Sudan secession/independence into a new state witnesses the largest number of population movement and relocation in Sudan modern history. These two points make it...

Author(s):YASIR AWAD ELTAHIR

Social media and political development in Nigeria: The 2015 general election experience

Article in Press

The emergence of the internet as the new mass medium of the 21st century now changes the mass media substantially. With increasing knowledge of the computer and internet, and invention of many devices in Information Communication Technology (ICT), politicians as well as the electorate embrace the use of social media platforms for communicating political issues. This paper examines social media and political development in...

Author(s):Ajibade Olalekan Eyitayo, Ajayi Toluwalope Oluwatostin and Lamidi Oluwatobi Ayotunde

DEFECTIVE FEDERALISM AND THE EMERGENCE OF DOMESTIC TERRORISM IN NIGERIA

Article in Press

The extremist Islamic sect, Boko Haram, is now feared for its ability to mount both ‘low-scale’ and audacious attacks in Nigeria. This study attempts a consensual explanation of the defects of Nigerian federalism to extrapolate the emergence of the Boko Haram terrorism. The study is descriptive and data obtained from secondary sources. It was found that the insurgence is a manifestation of frustration on account of...

Author(s):Ola Temitope

Electronic government (e-government) and public service delivery in Nigeria: A web index analysis

Article in Press

The use of information and communication technology (ICT) to provide public services had rapidly been on the increase. The world had witnessed a sharp rise in the number of countries using electronic government (e-Government) to provide public services online, especially through one-stop-platforms. This study examined online public service delivery in Nigeria, using web measurement approach. Seven (7) Federal Ministries,...

Author(s):Afees Olumide Hassan

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