African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPSIR Articles in press

Article in Press

The United Nations (UN) and Human Rights. Challenges and Prospects

The two World Wars (1914-18, 1939 – 1945) cannot be forgotten easily This is because of its uncanny brutality and imponderable consequences which in no small measure demonstrated , man’s capacity to destroy himself and decimate the environment. This assertion is predicated on the millions of people who were gruesomely killed, maimed and properties wantonly destroyed. The proliferation of weapons...

Author(s):Eze Chris Akani

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The Potency of ECOWAS Mission Strategy in Resolving Electoral Conflict in West Africa: A Case of Cote d’Ivoire

Conflict is inevitable in all human relations, but when managed properly, the cost in human lives and properties are minimized. This paper examined the extent of ECOWAS Peace Strategy in resolving the Post-Electoral crisis in Cote d’Ivoire and the efficiency of the ECOWAS Election Mission Strategy. In-depth interview research design was adopted, that is, both primary (structured interviews) and secondary (contextual...


Article in Press


This study investigates the factors affecting rural youth active political participation in Alge Sachi Woreda of Ilu Aba Bora zone of Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Two hundred twenty four (224) rural youths were randomly sampled from nine (9) clustered kebeles among 29 rural kebeles in the Woreda. Open-ended questionnaires for those selected sample size and semi structured interviews for those key informants were used...

Author(s):Getachew Mijana Sabu

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Influence of gender and ethical moral self on political participation: a study of Southeast, Nigeria

Political participation in Nigeria seems to have taken an unpatriotic dimension as political engagements are assumed to be determined by the immediate financial gain accrued to the individual on account of his or her participation. Thus, the study investigated influence of gender and ethical moral self on political participation in Southeast Nigeria. Five hundred and twenty-nine (529) adult citizens participated in the...

Author(s):OKAFOR, Chiedozie Okechukwu, NWOSUMBA, Victor C., OFFU, Peter

Article in Press

The World of Aid, “in Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better way for Africa by Dambisa Moyo (PP.1-70. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux)

There is no theoretical issue more interesting in contemporary literatures than the controversial dimensions of foreign aid. The author Dambisa Moyo is originally Zambian economist and writer, her books, articles, and public lectures gave more emphasis on the creation of wealth in a global economy.

Author(s):Belayneh Leta

Article in Press

Secession and Border Disputes in Africa: The Case of Sudan and South Sudan Border

Conflicts in Africa are increasingly becoming violent and endemic. Many of these conflicts are related to crises of identities, struggles for resources and power contestations. A few of these conflicts escalate to self-determination, separatist movements, and secession. These conflicts mostly transcend national borders and trigger the alteration and redesigning of national borders, which itself becomes a source of...

Author(s):Abubakar Mohammed and Yahaya T. Baba

Article in Press


The foundation of Nigeria’s problems lies in its historical development. This is linked to the swift design by predatory colonial masters aimed at achieving their political economy in colonialization of Africa. Sequel to the amalgamation of the southern and northern protectorates in 1914, Nigeria’s minimal state has continued to witness serial and intractable agitations, political interplays and intrigues and aspirations...

Author(s):Abada, Ifeanyichukwu Michael Omeh, Paul Hezekiah Ifeoma Nneka Okafor

Article in Press

The Factors Determining Voter Turnouts in Presidential Elections in Nigeria: Multivariate Correlation Analysis of the 2019 Presidential Election

People’s active participation in elections is one of the key measures of electoral democracy. The people’s lack of interests or apathy in elections tends to undervalue the democratic process, engender mistrust in political institutions, and enthrone unaccountable leadership. This is why voter turnout is a crucial aspect of electoral studies. Even though Nigeria has successfully undergone two decades of uninterrupted...

Author(s):Olalekan Waheed Adigun

Article in Press

The Role of Refugees in the Development of Nation States: A Sub-Saharan African Perspective

Across the globe, concerns have been expressed that accepting massive influx of refugees impacts on access to scarce available resources to meet the basic needs of the general populace of the host nation. This is a socially constructed view in the mind of some observers that refugees are a burden to the receiving states. BUT is this true? In an attempt to answer the question, this paper explores the role played by refugees...

Author(s):John Bosco Nizeimana, Celestin Mulindahabi

Article in Press

Tremendous Relations between Pakistan and Iran Creates Opportunities, confronts & panoramas

At present moment however, both countries are looking forward towards strong relations that once damaged. The tensions that Iran holds regarding the role of United States of America being an oppressor itself and the supporter as well of other oppressive powers in the region, and the ongoing challenges in Iraq and Afghanistan are ever increasing the anxiety on Iranian side. And in this situation Pakistan needs to carefully...

Author(s):Azmat Ali Shah

Article in Press

Natural Resource Governance in Africa

The continent of Africa is one of the most richly endowed continents with natural resources that would have placed it on a world map as the most developed continent but not many countries have succeeded in turning the revenues from these natural resources to enduring economic benefits. This phenomenon often described as the “resources curse” has not only stalled development but has created such grinding poverty and...

Author(s):Aluu Vincent Ogbonnia

Article in Press

Voters’ Education And Credible Election In Nigeria: Issues And Challenges Of 2019 General Elections

Following the transition from military dictatorship to democracy, the Nigerian-state has suffered several electoral misconducts since 1999. In an attempt to stop this ugly trend, voters’ education and effective electoral institution remain integral to a successful conduct of the electoral process especially, in a bid to grow and sustain the democratic process in Nigeria. Albeit, voters’ education has been acknowledged as a...

Author(s):Saheed Olasunkanmi ODUOLA, Bana SAWANEH and Hayatullah Boladale HASSAN

Article in Press


“A nation which refuses to learn from foreign cultures is nothing but a nation of idiots and lunatics. Mankind could not progress at all if we all refused to learn from each other. But [this] …does not mean we should abandon our own [to embrace] the sort of learning from which we can benefit is the kind which can help us to perfect and broaden our own culture” (Nyerere 1966: 187). The question, “Is there a Global IR...


Article in Press

Democratic Elections and Legitimacy Crisis in African Political Systems. Enhancing Election Credibility towards Fair Vote

Wide participation of citizens in the selection of leaders into public offices lends credibility to democratic system and enhances the level of acceptance of the elected leaders among citizens. However, the increasing volume of invalid votes in the recent times has cast lots of doubts on the level of citizen’s participation in the national elections in Sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the study explored vote counts and...


Article in Press

The Democracy Deficit in the Effort to Resolve the Niger Delta Question in Nigeria

This paper reflects on the inadequacy of democratic principles in the effort to resolve the Niger Delta question in Nigeria. Beyond the ethnic, regional and general sectional basis of the desire for restructuring generally in Nigeria, the theory of federal democracy provides a foundation for understanding and addressing those agitations. We focus on the agitations in the oil rich Niger Delta that is core to the agitations...


Article in Press

Youth and Political Socialization in Ethiopia: Thirty Years Balance Sheet

Political Socialization determines the future strength and weakness of one’s country leadership and societal solidarity. The aim of this paper is to investigate youth’s political socialization in Ethiopia since 1990s. The study use qualitative research approach. To achieve the intended goals secondary sources of data were collected from books, journal articles, academic curriculums, reports, newspapers, magazines and media...


Article in Press

China’s Engagement in the Promotion of Peace and Security in the Horn of Africa: An Interplay of Big Power Responsibility and Geopolitical Interest

The Horn of Africa is a term given to the geographic map in the North East part of the African continent. In its wider spatial conception, geopolitical significance, communalities of challenges of peace and security, the nature of state politics and relations, the fluctuating nature of conflict and cooperation, as well as convergence and divergences of interests, the region encompasses eight countries. The region connects...

Author(s):PhD Candidate

Article in Press

Wolaytta’s Quest for Statehood: A Historical Overview and Analysis of Contemporary Quests for Regional Statehood in Ethiopia’s Federation

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):social anthropologist and a lecturer at Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Teachers’ Public Service Motivation and the Academic Performance of Students in Second Cycle Institutions of Ghana

The article examines the public service motivations and its impact on the academic performance of students using four schools: St. Louis Senior High, Asanteman Senior High, Osei Kyeretwie Senior High and Achinakrom Senior High Schools which are category A, B, C, and D schools respectively as cases for study. Comparative case study design that employed both closed and open ended questions was used as instrument to collect...

Author(s):Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

Article in Press


There was a global attention on Nigeria in the runoff to the 2015 general election given the implications of the outcome of the election not only for Nigeria but for Africa as a continent. This is because of the history of electoral violence in Nigeria, and the near state collapse in the country due to the Boko Harram insurgency in the north-eastern part of Nigeria. Thus, the successful conduct of the election would not...

Author(s):Olamide, Temitayo OJOGBEDE, Aluko, Opeyemi Idowu, Oladeji, Isaac Olayide

Article in Press

Representation of Somalia in Western Media: The Piracy Case and BBC

Somalia has been a chaotic situation for the last two decades, civil war broke in 1999 after dethroned central government of Somalia by an armed clan functions, many people lost their lives or their beloved ones and thousands internally displaced others fled to neighboring countries. The humanitarian situation of the displaced people became the worst one in the region. This is attracted the eyes of international donors,...


Article in Press


Contrary to the stereotypical notion that a "failed" state also results in complete economic collapse, Somalia is a classic example of a vibrant economy without any functioning government institutions. For the Somali people, the informal economy has emerged not only as a daily survival mechanism; it also represents their resiliency and determination to make the best out of the worst situations. In addition to serving as...

Author(s):Chen Jau-Yon

Article in Press

The Igbo, Marginalization And Emergence Of Sectarian Groups In South-East, Nigeria, 1999 - 2018

The paper investigated the Igbo, their alleged cases of marginalization in the politics of Nigeria and emergence of sectarian groups in South East, Nigeria. The Igbo ethnic nationality is located in the South East, Nigeria. The Igbo is highly numerous and populous, with abundance of natural and mineral resources which contributes so much to Nigeria’s national development. Besides, a good number of the Igbo have made and...

Author(s):Alozie, Cyprian C.

Article in Press

Drivers of Political Radicalization and De-radicalization of Terrorism in Northern Nigeria

This article sheds more light on the role of states and the bearing which political and elite interests may have exerted on public support for Boko Haram. It examines the political, socio-economic, and ideological context of the crisis and moves on to map the two dominant de-radicalization approaches; top-down and bottom-up approaches. The article exposes the fault lines of realism’s top-down approaches toward national...

Author(s):Neba Ridley Ngwa

Article in Press

Consolidating Achievements and Making Smooth Transition to Democracy in Ethiopia: A Beginning from Dead End

Ethiopia has been experiencing extreme and repeated mass protests, uprising and society-government relationship crisis over the past two to three decades. The absolute dominance of a single vanguard party, EPRDF as well as the absence of fair representation of Ethiopian nations, nationalities and peoples at federal institutions resulted power dominance by single ethnic group, deterioration of institutions and political...

Author(s):Kena Deme Jebessa

Article in Press

Understanding Rural Violence in North-Central Nigeria: Experience from Nomadic Herdsmen and Rural Farmers

This study examines rural violence in north central Nigeria with experience from nomadic herdsmen and rural farmers. The objective of the study is to deepen knowledge on dynamics of rural violence by identifying and analyzing prevalence of the rural violence , as well as its impact on rural farmers and food crop production. In particular, the study seeks to identify possible efforts by the Nigerian government to...

Author(s):Luke A Amadi, Good Hope Igwe, Uche Ukachikara

Article in Press

Genocide vs. Civil War?

The Rwandan Genocide has been at the forefront of many studies and used as example in countless others and with subjects as varied as conflict, racial hatred, tribal wars, reconstruction, rehabilitation, peace process. Since it happened it is the fourth genocide that has earned this appellation in the UN. This study aims to challenge the generally accepted view that is a genocide pure and simple using three different...

Author(s):Alexandra David

Article in Press

“Developing World” and the New World Order: Strategies for Ending Dependency Syndrome

The study in “Developing World” and dependency is not a mere intellectual exercise. It is about the contests of nations and the wily scheming of states and other actors that have on one hand made masters of some people and on the others permanently consigned them into a dependent race since the last five hundred years. This paper is intended to summarize in review, many of the enlightened opinions on this issue with...

Author(s):Dickson, Emmanuel Ekpe

Article in Press

The Role of Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions in Combating Corruption in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara National Regional State Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission

Corruption is one of the burning issue and impediments for the prevalence of democracy, good governance and sustainable development in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government is aware of the severity of consequences of corruption and regarded it as a compulsive necessity to prevent it. In response to this the Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commissions (EACC) emerged as anticorruption authority for the struggle to create a...

Author(s):Erestu Legese Beyene, Taye Demssie Beshah

Article in Press

Assessing participation in urban land administration: The case of Abi Adi Town, Ethiopia

Land is a single greatest resource of any society so there is a need to ensure good governance in land administration. Efficient, effective, accountable, transparent, participatory and responsive land administration services are as much about the administration of land as they are about the civil service that operates within any country. The general objective of the study was to assess the participation of the populace in...

Author(s):Yohannes Hailu

Article in Press


This study seeks to investigate Nigeria’s foreign policy objectives in Africa and the world. Nigeria has employed several means-one of which is reliance on diplomacy of peacekeeping operations. However, one may be tempted to ask, in whose interests are Nigeria’s national interests? Also, what has Nigeria been able to achieve as a country and for its citizens? Hence, this study aims to answer the following research...


Article in Press

How Religious Institutions, as Pressure Groups, in Turkey and Pakistan Shape Policies?

Religious institutions have currently emerged as more powerful actors than ever before in many Muslim countries. This matter necessitates reassessing the role of religious institutions in policy making processes in such countries. This paper is a comparative study, employing the ‘Most Similar System Design’ to analyze the role of the religious institutions, as pressure groups, in policy-making processes in Pakistan and...

Author(s):Nader Ganji and Kioomars Ashtarian

Article in Press

Security Agencies and the Challenges of Insecurity in Nigeria

This paper examines the multiple security challenges confronting the Nigerian state with serious security implications for her national security and corporate existence. This is with the view to aptly interrogate the roles of the security agencies especially the Nigerian police and army saddled with the responsibility of enforcing laws and order and defending the territorial integrity of the country from any form of...


Article in Press

The politics and problem of fiscal federalism and revenue allocation formula in Nigeria: Who should get what, how, when and why?

This paper joins the debate on the fiscal policy of the Nigerian government in terms of the revenue allocation formula of the federating units which has been a recurring theme in the country’s political existence. A review of revenue allocation formulas shows that the tools used as a measure to allocate and distribute revenue had been more of political gerrymandering, with each regime choosing which formula suits them...

Author(s):Basil Chijioke Onuoha, Ufomba Henry, Samuel Etteudo Imoh

Article in Press

The triumph of the Futungo and the end of Angola’s Constitutional Paradox. The 2010 Angolan Constitution in comparative perspective.

This article argues that Angola’s new presidentialist regime, enshrined in the 2010 Constitution, its not an innovation per se but instead the outcome of an old political ambition of the MPLA elite. We will demonstrate that these new presidential features were already de facto in place before 2010, although without any constitutional update, and it was only due to Luanda’s Government legalist behaviour, the need to display...

Author(s):Malik Usman Rashid

Article in Press

The Bio-Politics of (Dis) placement in Sudan: Realpolitik and power behind the IDPs’ regimes

Two points can be pre-introduced for this paper. Firstly, according to “natural” disasters, government policies and internal conflicts Sudan is a country with the highest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world. Secondly, the process of south Sudan secession/independence into a new state witnesses the largest number of population movement and relocation in Sudan modern history. These two points make it...


Article in Press

Social media and political development in Nigeria: The 2015 general election experience

The emergence of the internet as the new mass medium of the 21st century now changes the mass media substantially. With increasing knowledge of the computer and internet, and invention of many devices in Information Communication Technology (ICT), politicians as well as the electorate embrace the use of social media platforms for communicating political issues. This paper examines social media and political development in...

Author(s):Ajibade Olalekan Eyitayo, Ajayi Toluwalope Oluwatostin and Lamidi Oluwatobi Ayotunde

Article in Press


The extremist Islamic sect, Boko Haram, is now feared for its ability to mount both ‘low-scale’ and audacious attacks in Nigeria. This study attempts a consensual explanation of the defects of Nigerian federalism to extrapolate the emergence of the Boko Haram terrorism. The study is descriptive and data obtained from secondary sources. It was found that the insurgence is a manifestation of frustration on account of...

Author(s):Ola Temitope

Article in Press

Electronic government (e-government) and public service delivery in Nigeria: A web index analysis

The use of information and communication technology (ICT) to provide public services had rapidly been on the increase. The world had witnessed a sharp rise in the number of countries using electronic government (e-Government) to provide public services online, especially through one-stop-platforms. This study examined online public service delivery in Nigeria, using web measurement approach. Seven (7) Federal Ministries,...

Author(s):Afees Olumide Hassan

Article in Press

‘A kasa’, ‘A Tsare’ ‘A Raka’, aKuma‘Jira’ (Vote, Guard, Escort and Wait until Results are announced): The Buhari’s Political Campaign Speech and Slogan in Perspectives

Campaign speeches are vital tools which politicians use to express their views and feelings to the electorates with views to convincing, appealing, changing or reshaping and redirecting the electorate opinions to agree with theirs. It is usually laden with emotion and has the effect of causing the electorate to have a change of mind on some issues. Since Buhari’s metamorphosis into politics, a new era of campaign speech...

Author(s):Shehu Hashimu

Article in Press

As the beat goes on in Syria, is there an exit route?

On 18 December, 2015 the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2254 (2015) that endorsed a Road Map for Peace Process and a Timetable for peace talks in Syria. The resolution calls for a “cessation of hostilities” between forces loyal to President Bashar-al- Assad and opposition groups and a political settlement in the country. Also, the resolution envisions the formation of a unity government and calls for an...

Author(s):Osaretin Idahosa

Article in Press


Political party finance in Nigeria has been a subject discourse among scholars, politicians and civil society organisations in recent time. This is not only because of the currency of the concept, but as a result of the important roles it plays in democratic process across different political settings. The roles of money in the viability of political parties, advancement of democracy and democratization to a large extent,...

Author(s):Oluwadare Ayeni

Article in Press

The Politics of Leadership Innstability in Nigeria's Senate, 1999-2011

The legislature in Nigeria has not lived up to its bidden. Over the years this arm of government has suffered most from the frequent military interventions since 1966. Its powers are usually usurped by the executive arm under every military regime, thereby making its growth stunted and its members immature. Even under democratic governments, the legislature continues to suffer from similar ills, but this time from...


Article in Press

A Functional Analysis of the 2011 NN24 Nigerian Presidential Debate

This paper applies the Functional Theory of Political Campaign Discourse to the 2011 Network News 24 presidential debate. Three of the four leading candidates participated: Muhammadu Buhari (Congress for Progressive Change), Nuhu Ribadu (Action Congress of Nigeria), and Ibrahim Shekarau (All Nigeria Peoples Party). These candidates acclaimed (69%) more frequently than they attacked (27%) or defended (4%). They discussed...


Article in Press

The Nigeria’s Foreign Policy and Establishment of the ECOWAS, 1960-1975: A Study in Diplomatic History

This article seeks to analyze the comparative initiatives undertaken by certain West African countries and international organizations with a view to integrating the sub-region between 1960 and 1975. It contends that the initiatives could not succeed in creating an inclusive sub-regional organization because the countries that spearheaded them lacked dynamic foreign policy, financial and human resources to pursue such...


Article in Press


ABSTRACT Democratic principles and ideals are becoming entrenched across sub-Saharan Africa while voters' turnout, an important ingredient has been a steady decline in Nigeria. Although, the professionals are presumed to be the conscience of human societies, however, little attention is paid to their voting behaviour. This study, therefore, examines the voting behaviour of professionals in south western, Nigeria. The...

Author(s):Adeleke Gbadebo Fatai

Article in Press

Non- traditional Security: The new Outlook towards State Centric Approach

Abstract Security issues in international relations, particularly during the era of the cold war, were and had been dominated by the realist paradigm which saw the preservation of the state from external threat. Such conception of security provided a very myopic and narrow understanding of the security problem of states. During the past decade, attempts are being made to broaden the security agenda to include not only...

Author(s):Ningthoujam koiremba

Article in Press


This study sets out to examine the relationship between the youths and violence in the region with particular reference to maritime dimension of the violence. The study adopts the Frustration-Aggression and Basic Human Needs theories of conflict and reveals that the incessant cases of maritime crime is the result of long time feeling of neglect and marginalisation in the Niger Delta. The youths felt the region has been...

Author(s):Pabon Baribene

Article in Press

Assessing the Applicability of the Capability Approach to Zimbabwe’s Social Reality

The paper asserts that there are certain basic necessities and needs that are missing in the Zimbabwean society. The missing components are within the social, economic and political spheres. In definitive terms, the paper argues that there are some basic needs, necessities and freedoms that individuals in society should enjoy are trampled upon. In a sense, the well-being of individuals are stifled and as such, the paper...


Article in Press

Hamas: Origins, Ideological Orientations and Evolving Tactics

Hamas has started as militant movement for liberation of Palestine. It has operated totally on charter at beginning. Hamas engaged in social activities for Palestinian and soon get popularity. But Hamas did not participate in politics (Elections) till 1996. In 2006, Hamas has to decide to participate in elections and participated. After the result, Hamas became victorious party and formed the government in Gaza Strip....


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