African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 381

Full Length Research Paper

The US attempt of supremacy in the twenty first century: Russian and Chinese response

Nishantha Hettiarachchi
  • Nishantha Hettiarachchi
  • Department of Public Policy, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka.
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Upul Abeyrathne
  • Upul Abeyrathne
  • Department of Public Policy, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka.
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  •  Received: 02 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 09 May 2016
  •  Published: 31 July 2016

Abstract

This study is about international politics of post-cold war period in which US attempted to become the singular hegemonic power in the international political affairs. The major purpose of the study was to explore the responses of emerging powers in the international political system to US ambition. The article will start with a discussion on elements of US Grand Strategy in its foreign affairs. It has been revealed that strategy was based on modernist premises even though the world has been changed by globalizing forces. However, the thesis that the end of cold war has brought with the end of sovereignty of the states was questioned by arguing that sovereignty of small states had decreased, while the sovereignty of strong states had increased. Rogue states defined by US had become allies of emerging powers. The regional wars fought by US in different locations simultaneously had weakened its capacity and economically unsustainable. Economic power of rising powers and military modernization of their armories had given them impetus to become more and more assertive. China and Russia had worked together in coalition in international forums to challenged US hegemony. The division within the allies of US also had weakened its position further. Thus, international politics of the contemporary world order could best understood multi-polar in character and content. The US attempt at the sole hegemonic power in international politics has become a dream in the context of emerging powers claim for greater role in international politics.

Key words: United States, Russia, China, grand strategy, unipolarity, emerging powers.