African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 393

Full Length Research Paper

Exogenic factor and the futility of conflict resolution in Africa: The Darfur experience

Chukwuemeka Eze Malachy
Department of Political Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 14 February 2012
  •  Published: 28 February 2012


This paper studies intractable conflict in Africa using the Darfur experience as case illustration with the primary goal of evaluating the place of exogenous factor(s) in the persistence of such conflict. With the aid of alternative dispute resolution theory, the paper discovered that there is a strong relationship between the dynamic interests of external forces and the intractability of the Darfur conflict. The use of power, threat and deadline diplomacy to impose an alien peace agreement on the factions in the conflict was instrumental to the continual nature of the conflict after the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA). Consequently, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) characterized by democratized negotiations and agreement is recommended as a solution to the crisis.


Keys words: Darfur, conflict, conflict resolution, exogenous, supra-national, alternative dispute resolution (ADR).