African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 389

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of Iran’s ideological identity in the formation of international agreements against it, according to the critical theory

Mahmood Shahidi
Science and Research Department, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 December 2010
  •  Published: 30 April 2013


Three sanction resolutions were approved by the UN Security Council against Iran during 2006 to 2008, showing an international agreement among the state agents against the nuclear programs of the Islamic Republic. Why different interests of the Security Council members did not prevent them from reaching "agreements" against Iran? On the other hand, the play off game of Iran did not achieve any suitable result. Here, the answer to the questions of “why(s)” needs answering “the how(s)”. It seems that the ideological views of the Iranian agents with ethnicity significance possess a special place and it has been effective in achieving international agreements in each stages. These frequent agreements could be assimilated to some kind of “evolutionary loop" that occurs in the contexts of capitalism structure. This paper employs critical realism approach based on Roy Bhaskar viewpoint to find a way to carefully examine the role of ideological identities in the global capitalism structure- specifically in the nuclear case of Iran.


Key words: Bhaskar’s critical realism, real level (deep level), evolutionary loop, globalized capitalism, ideology, ethnic world, agonistic democracy.