Nigeria oil producing region has for long remains a site of contention between the state and local groups fighting for conscious environmental practice, resource control and development. During the long years of military rule, repression and military occupation were the core of state response to agitations and protests of the people in the region. The nation’s returns to democratic rule spur hope that things will change for the better. Such enthusiasm was premise on the believe that democratic rule will facilitates dialogue, herald political accountability, stimulate good governance, promote sound management of the nation’s resource and wealth and facilitate peaceful resolution of disputes under the spirit of democratic governance. This article assesses policy response to the Niger Delta debacle in the last ten years of democratic rule. It discusses the successes and challenges of resolving the crisis via institutional arrangement that characterize state response under the present democratic arrangement. It point out the imperative of democratic governance as the way for constructive resolution of the environmental insecurity and crisis of development facing the region.
Key words: Democratic governance, management of conflict, Niger Delta, resource control.
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