African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382


A case study in determining fairness of dismissal as a sanction for misconduct in South Africa

C. M. van der Bank
Vaal University of Technology, Private Bag X021 Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng Province, South Africa. 
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 October 2010
  •  Published: 30 November 2010


In determining whether a dismissal based on misconduct is fair, all the facts surrounding the misconduct must be considered. The Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) commissioner had to determine whether or not a misconduct dismissal was fair. CCMA unfair dismissals arbitration proceedings constituted hearings de novo which meant that the CCMA commissioner had to make his finding, as to the fairness of the dismissal, not on the basis only of evidence led at the internal disciplinary hearing, but on the basis of all evidence led at the CCMA arbitration proceedings, including evidence led that had not been led at the internal disciplinary hearing. The Constitutional Court had to decide whether a commissioner at CCMA arbitration was performing an administrative function. The Court concluded that the commissioner’s arbitration was an administrative action but that Promotion of Administrative Justice Act No. 3 of 2000 is not applicable to CCMA arbitration awards.


Key words: Unfair dismissals, procedure, reasonableness, judgment, arbitration.