On 18 December, 2015 the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2254 (2015) that endorsed a Road Map for Peace Process and a Timetable for peace talks in Syria. The resolution calls for a “cessation of hostilities” between forces loyal to President Bashar-al- Assad and opposition groups and a political settlement in the country. Also, the resolution envisions the formation of a unity government and calls for an immediate halt to any attacks on civilian targets. In the context of the dynamics of the Syrian conflicts, this study looks at the workability of the resolution meant to mitigate the cost of the war and deterioration of humanitarian conditions. It believes that after years of brutal civil war that has killed hundreds of thousands of people and displaced almost half of the population of Syria, a top-bottom imposed peace process has lost its appeal. Rather, a bottom-top remedy that uses the cultural assets of the Syrian people to create a movement for peace and reconciliation in the country is urgently needed.
Keywords: Civilian global humanitarian opposition peace resolution war.