This study seeks to investigate Nigeriaâ€™s foreign policy objectives in Africa and the world. Nigeria has employed several means-one of which is reliance on diplomacy of peacekeeping operations. However, one may be tempted to ask, in whose interests are Nigeriaâ€™s national interests? Also, what has Nigeria been able to achieve as a country and for its citizens? Hence, this study aims to answer the following research questions; what underpins Nigeriaâ€™s diplomacy through peacekeeping in its foreign policy; what have been the direct and indirect benefits of Nigeriaâ€™s diplomacy through peacekeeping? The study was anchored on Wolfersâ€™ rational actor model of decision-making analysis. Qualitative methods of data collection and analysis were adopted. At the end it was ascertained that; national interest has not been a driving factor in Nigeriaâ€™s commitment to its foreign policy; and Nigeriaâ€™s foreign policy through peacekeeping operations has not had pay-offs in elevating the international stature of the country in the international system. The study hence, recommends as follows; Nigeriaâ€™s foreign policy makers should jettison the notion of being Africaâ€™s â€˜Father Christmasâ€™; Reciprocity in Nigeriaâ€™s foreign policy actions and decisions must come into play if it is to assume hegemonic status which it craves in Africa.
Keywords: Rational, Foreign policy, National interest, Realism, Peacekeeping