African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 359

Full Length Research Paper

Potency of ECOWAS mission strategy in resolving electoral conflict in West Africa: A case of Côte d’Ivoire

D. A. Daniel
  • D. A. Daniel
  • Department of Board Affairs and Proceedings (PSEG. 1), African Development Bank Group, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
D. U. Enweremadu
  • D. U. Enweremadu
  • Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 31 December 2019
  •  Accepted: 12 February 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2020

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BBC News (2011). Ivory Coast: Gbagbo troops 'hit' Ouattara hotel HQ. 

View Retrieved 5 January 2017.

 
 

BBC News (2011). Ivory Coast: UN forces fire on pro-Gbagbo camp. Retrieved 28 December 2016.

 
 

BBC News Online (2011). "Ivory Coast crisis: 'Deadly shelling' in Abidjan" 

View. Retrieved 18 December 2016.

 
 

Betek CM, Fayomi OO, Gbenga M (2018). Cross Border Movement and Language Barriers in West Africa. Acta Universitatis Danubius 11(1):126-140.

 
 

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Chafer T (2002). The End of Empire in French West Africa: France's Successful Decolonization.

 
 

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View. Retrieved on 12 December 2019.

 
 

Cook N (2011). Côte d'Ivoire Post-Gbagbo: Crisis Recovery. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.

 
 

Demola A (2011). International Context Interaction Perspective Measuring impact in terms of Conflict situation In: Albert IO, Eselebor WA, Danjibo ND (eds). Society for Peace Studies and practice, Abuja in Collaboration with John Archers Publishers Ltd.

 
 

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (2001). Protocol A/SP1/12/01 on Democracy and Good Governance Supplementary to the Protocol relating to the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security. Dakar.

 
 

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (2014). Forty-Fifth Ordinary Session of the Authority of ECOWAS Heads of States and Government. Accra.

 
 

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) (2019). Treaties. 

View. Retrieved on 25 January 2020.

 
 

Final Communiqué of Extraordinary Session of the Authority of Head of States and Government on Cote d'Ivoire (2010), (ECW/CEG/ABJ/ EXT/FR/ Rev)

 
 

Gberie L (2005). A dirty war in West Africa: the RUF and the destruction of Sierra Leone. Indiana University Press.

 
 

Gberie L, Addo P (2004). Challenges of Peace implementation in Cote d'Ivoire. In Report on an expert Workshop presented by the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) in Collaboration with the Zentrum fur Internationale Friedenseinsatze (ZIF).

 
 

International Crisis Group (ICG) (2011). Cote d"Ivoire: Is war the only option? Report 171 on Africa. Accessed from 

View on 15 December 2019.

 
 

International Peace Institute (IPI) (2011). African Leaders Series. Accessed from 

View

 
 

Isakova Y (2011). Russia to inquire into Cote d'Ivoire crisis. The Voice of Russia.

 
 

Laing A (2011). Ivory Coast: UN and French helicopter gunships attack Laurent Gbagbo residence. The Daily Telegragh.

 
 

Loucoumane D (2010). World leaders back Ouattara as Ivory Coast poll winner. Reuters.

 
 

Magazzino C (2016). Fiscal Variables and Growth Convergence in the ECOWAS. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies 7(2):147-163.
Crossref

 
 

Niemann M (2011). Bitter Chocolate Reflections on the politics of cocoa and chocolate.

 
 

Redmond NA (2009). Cote d'Ivoire. Microsoft Encarta, DVD, Microsoft Corporation.

 
 

Stromberg J (2011). The Real Birth of American Democracy. Accessed from 

View on 20 October 2019.

 
 

Terwase IT, Adesina OS, Puldu GS, Abdul-Talib A-N (2018). The Role of ECOWAS on Peace and Conflict Resolution in Nigeria and Gambia. IRA-International Journal of Management and Social Sciences 12(3):55-61. 
Crossref

 
 

United Nations Security Council (2007). Ouagadougou Political Agreement. United Nations (UN), General Report, S/2007/144.

 
 

United Nations to Cote d'Ivoire (2003). Cote d'Ivoire MINUCI- Background.

 
 

Voice of America (2010). UN Spokesman: Gbagbo Not Ivory Coast President". 

View. Retrieved 21 December 2016.

 
 

Voice of America News (2011). UN Ivory Coast Crisis Not Over Yet". 

View Retrieved 05 June 2017.

 
 

Zounmenou DD, Loua RS, (2011). Confronting complex political crises in West Africa: An analysis of ECOWAS responses to Niger and Cote d'Ivoire. Institut for Security Studies, paper 230.