African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 383

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnic federal system and conflict in the post-1995 Ethiopia: The case of southern regional state

Temesgen Thomas Halabo
  • Temesgen Thomas Halabo
  • Institute for Peace and Security Studies of Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 08 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 27 May 2016
  •  Published: 30 September 2017


Aalen L (2006). Ethnic Federalism and Self-Determination for Nationalities in a Semi-Authoritarian State: the Case of Ethiopia. Int. J. Minority Group Rights, 13:243-261.


Aalen L (2008). Institutionalizing the politics of Ethnicity: Actors, Power and Mobilization in Southern Ethiopia under Ethnic Federalism. Oslo: University of Oslo, PhD dissertation.


Abbink J (1998). New Configurations of Ethiopian Ethnicity: The Challenge of the South. J. North East Afr. Stud. 5(1):59-81.


Abbink J (2006). Ethnicity and Conflict Generation in Ethiopia: Some Problems and Prospects of Ethno-Regional Federalism. J. Contemp. Afr. Stud. 24(3):389-413.


Abbink J (2011). Ethnic-based federalism and ethnicity in Ethiopia: reassessing the experiment after 20 years. J. East. Afr. Stud. 5(4):596-618.


Agnew J (1995). Federalism in the Post-Cold War Era. In Graham Smith (ed), Federalism: The Multiethnic Challenge, London and New York: Longman. pp. 294-302.


Alem H (2005). Multiethnic Federalism in? Ethiopia: A Study of the Secession Clause in the Constitution. J. Federalism 35(2):313-335.


Andreas E (2003). Ethnic Federalism: New Frontiers in Ethiopian Politics. In G. Barnabas (ed.), First National Conference on Federalism, Conflict and Peace Building, Addis Ababa: United Printers. pp. 142-172.


Asnake K (2009). Federalism and Ethnic Conflict in Ethiopia: A Comparative Study of the Somali and Benishangul-Gumuz Regions. Leiden University, PhD Dissertation.


Asnake K (2010). Federal Restructuring in Ethiopia: Renegotiating Identity and Borders along the Oromo–Somali Ethnic Frontiers. Dev. Change 41(4):615-635.


Asnake K (2013). Ethiopian Federalism and Conflicts in Ethiopia: Comparative Regional Studies. London: Taylor and Francis.


Assefa F (2007). Federalism and the Accommodation of Diversity in Ethiopia: A Comparative Study. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers.


Assefa F (2012). Ethiopia's Experiment in Accommodating Diversity: 20 Year's Balance Sheet. J. Regional Federal Stud. 22(4):435-473.


Banks M (1996). Ethnicity: Anthropological Constructions. London: Routledge.


Beken VC (2008). Ethiopia: Constitutional Protections of Ethnic Minorities at the Regional Level. J. Afr. Focus 2(1-2):105-152.


Berhanu G (2007). Restructuring State and Society: Ethnic Federalism in Ethiopia. Denmark: Aalborg University SPIRIT PhD Series.


Brass PR (1991). Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison, New Delhi: Sage Publishers.


Clapham C (2002). Political Framework: Controlling Space in Ethiopia. In: W James, D Donham, E Kurimoto and A Triulzi (Eds); Remapping Ethiopia: Socialism and After, Published by James Currey, pp. 9-30.


Clapham C (2009). Post-War Ethiopia: The Trajectories of Crisis. Rev. Afr. Polit. Econ. 36(120):181-92.


CSA (2008). Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census: Population Size by Age and Sex. Addis Ababa: Central Statistical Authority.


Davis SR (1978). The Federal Principle: A Journey through Time in Quest of Meaning. Berkeley: University of California.


Elazar DJ (1987). Exploring Federalism. Tuscaloosa, Al: University of Alabama Press.


Eller J, Coughlan R (1996). The Poverty of Primordialism. In: J Hutchison and A.D. Smith (eds.), Ethnicity. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.


Eriksen T (1993). Ethnicity and Nationalism. London: Pluto Press.


FDRE (1995). The Proclamation of FDRE Constitution. Addis Ababa: Berhanina Selam Printing Press.


Geertz C (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, Inc.


Glazer N, Moynihan DP (1975). Introduction. In: N. Glazer and D.P. Moynihan (Eds.), Ethnicity: Theory and Experience. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.


Hagmann T, Abbink J (2011). Twenty Years of Revolutionary Democratic Ethiopia, 1991-2011. J. East. Afr. Stud. 5(4):579-595.


Hutchison J, Smith AD (1996). Introduction. In: J. Hutchison and A.D. Smith (Eds), Ethnicity. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.


Karmis D, Norman W (2005). The Revival of Federalism in Normative Political Theory. In: D. Karmis and W. Norman (Eds.), Theories of Federalism: A Reader, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 3-22.


Kymlicka W (2005). Federalism, Nationalism and Multiculturalism. In: D. Karmis and W. Norman (Eds.), The Theories of Federalism: A reader, pp.269-292. USA: Palgrave Macmillan.


Kymlicka W (2006). Emerging Western Models of Multinational Federalism: Are they Relevant for Africa? In: D Turton (Ed); Ethnic Federalism: The Ethiopian Experience in Comparative Perspective, Oxford: James Currey. pp. 32-64.


Lake DA, Rothchild D (1998). Spreading Fear: The Genesis of Transitional Ethnic Conflict. In: D.A. Lake and D. Rothchild (Eds), The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.


Markakis J (1994). Ethnic Conflict and the State in the Horn of Africa. In: K Fukui and J Markakis (Eds); Ethnicity and Conflict in the Horn of Africa. Published by Ohio University Press.


Medhane T, Young J (2003). TPLF: Reform or Decline? Rev. Afr. Polit. Econ. 30(97):389-403.


Mengisteab K (2007). Identity, Politics, Democratization and State Building in Ethiopia's Federal Arrangement. Afr. J. Conflict Res. 4(2):63-89.


Merera G (2003). Ethiopia: Competing Ethnic Nationalisms and the Quest for Democracy, 1960-2000. Ethiopia: Chamber Printing House.


Merera G (2004). Ethiopia: Constraints to Transition and Democratization. In AG Nhem (Ed); The Quest for Peace in Africa: Transformation, Democracy and Public Policy, Addis Ababa: OSSREA. pp. 245-267.


Merera G (2007). Ethnicity, Democratization and Decentralization in Ethiopia: The Case of Oromia. Eastern Afr. Soc. Sci. Res. Rev. 23(1):81-106.


Mesfin W (1999). The Horn of Africa: Conflict and Poverty. Addis Ababa: Commercial Printing Press.


Slocum JW (1995). Disintegration and Consolidation: National Separatism and the Evolution of Center-Periphery Relations in the Russian Federation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Peace Studies Programme.


Stepan A (2005). Federalism and Democracy: Beyond the US Model. In D. Karmis and W. Norman (Eds.), Theories of Federalism: A Reader, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 255-268.


Temesgen T (2011). Ethnic Quest for Common Ethnic Identity and Self-governance in SSNPRS within the Context of Ethiopian Ethnic Federalism. Case Ale People. An Anthology of Peace and Security Research, 2:152-220.


Temesgen T (2016). Ethnic Federal System in Ethiopia: Origin, Ideology and Paradoxes. Int. J. Polit. Sci. Dev. 4(1):1-15.


TGE (1991). The Transitional Period Charter. Addis Ababa: Transitional Government of Ethiopia (TGE).


TGE (1992). Proclamation No.7/1992: A proclamation to provide the establishment of National/Regional Self-governments. NegaritGazeta, 51st Year, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Tsegay R (2010). Learning to Live with Conflicts: Federalism as a Tool of Conflict Management in Ethiopia: an overview. Mizan Law Rev. 4(1):51-101.


Vaughan S (2003). Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia. University of Edinburgh, PhD dissertation.


Watson E (2002). Capturing Local Elite: The Konso Honeymoon. In: W. James (ed.), Remapping Ethiopia: Socialism and After. Oxford: James Currey.


Watts RL (1991). The Soviet Federal System and the Nationality Question in Comparative Perspective. In: Mc A Auley (Ed.), Nationalism and Economic Decentralization, Leicester: Leicester University Press. pp. 196-207.


Young J (1996). Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia. Rev. Afr. Polit. Econ. 23(70):531-542.