African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 382

Review

Election observation and its political impact in Southern Africa

Zibani Maundeni*
  • Zibani Maundeni*
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, P/Bag UB 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar
Norbert Musekiwa
  • Norbert Musekiwa
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, P/Bag UB 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar
Batlang Seabo
  • Batlang Seabo
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, P/Bag UB 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 02 December 2016
  •  Published: 28 February 2017

References

Albert I (2007). Electoral violence and Nigeria's 2007 elections. J. Afr. Elect. 6(2):155-179.

 

Blaauw L, Letsholo S (2009). 'Namibia.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 347-384.

 

Booysen S, Masterson GG (2009). 'South Africa.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 387-458.

 

Booysen S, Toulou LL (2009.). 'Zimbabwe.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 629-658.

 

Carothers T (1997). The rise of election monitoring: The observers observed. J. Democracy 8(3):17-31.de Brito M (2009). 'Angola.' In: Denis D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 23-55.

 

Kadima D, Tshiyoyo D (2009). 'Democratic Republic of Congo.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 91-145.

 

Khadiagala G (2010). "Reflections on the causes, courses and consequences of election violence in Africa'. In Matlosa K, Khadiagala G, Shale V (Eds.) (2010). When Elephants Fight: Preventing and Resolving Election-Related Conflicts in Africa. Johannesburg: EISA.

 

Kelley J (2009). D-minus elections: The politics and norms of international election observation. Int. Org. 63(04):765-787.
Crossref

 

Laakso L (2002). The politics of international election observation: the case of Zimbabwe in 2000. J. Modern Afr. Stud. 40(03):437-464.
Crossref

 

Mair S (1997). Election Observation: Roles and Responsibilities of Long-term Election Observers. ECDPM (European Centre for Development Policy Management).

 

Masterson G (2009). 'Tanzania & Zanzibar.' In D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 507-564.

 

Musanhu B (2009). 'Lesotho.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 147-185.

 

Musuva C (2009). 'Malawi.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 223-265.

 

Tip I, Gadin J, Moloi M (2009). 'Zambia.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 567-626

 

Toulou L (2009). 'Madagascar.' In: D. Kadima & S. Booysen (Eds): Compendium of elections in southern Africa 1989-2009, Johannesburg: EISA. pp. 187-221.