International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 581

Full Length Research Paper

Phytosociological survey of environmental park in Antonio Danubio municipality of Ananindeua, Para, Brazil

Manoel Tavares de Paula*, Antonio José Oliveira Macêdo, Nicelly Costa Favacho, Uzias Pereira Oliveira Leite, Altem Nascimento Pontes, Alessandro Silva do Rosário, Ismael Matos da Silva, Lucy Anne Cardoso Lobão Gutierrez, Hélio Raymundo Ferreira Filho, Pedro Henrique Oliveira Simões and Marcelo José Raiol Souza
Center for Natural Sciences and Technology, Para State University, Brazil.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 14 February 2019
  •  Accepted: 15 April 2019
  •  Published: 31 May 2019

Abstract

This article reports the floristic and phytosociology of a solid ground forest, located in the Environmental Park Antonio Danubio Lourenço da Silva, municipality of Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil. The inventory of 1 ha considered individuals with diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥ 10 cm, allocated twenty plots in each field, all of size 20 m x 25 m (500 m2) arranged randomly. A total of 239 plants was registered, distributed in 61 species, 51 genera and 27 families, referring to biocenose area. The families with most species, in a decreasing order, were: Leguminosae, Lecythidaceae, Sapotaceae, Urticaceae, Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Caryocaraceae, Vochysiaceae, Lauraceae, Arecaceae and Malvaceae. In relation to the importance value index (IVIi), the highest values ​​were presented by the species: Oenocarpus bacaba, Nectandra cuspidata, Theobroma grandiflorum, Diplotropis purpurea, Piptadenia suavelons, Inga lauriana, Cecropia obtusifolia, Cecropia sciadophylla, Tapirira guianensis and Jacaranda copaia. These species represent 56.06% of the individuals sampled per hectare and 58.63% of the IVIi. The diversity index of Shannon-Weaver (H '= 3.53) indicates that the park has a floristic diversity less than other native forest fragments in State of Para, Brazil. This is probably due to the park being part of an anthropic area near the federal highway BR-316, where a large number of vehicles circulate daily.

 

Key words: Phytosociology, biodiversity, conservation, identificacion.