International Journal of
Educational Administration and Policy Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6656
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEAPS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 215

Full Length Research Paper

Factors associated with organizational commitment of academic employees in Botswana

Thabo T. Fako
  • Thabo T. Fako
  • Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, Private Bag 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar
Esther Nkhukhu-Orlando
  • Esther Nkhukhu-Orlando
  • Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, Private Bag 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar
Debra R. Wilson
  • Debra R. Wilson
  • Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Associate Professor, Austin Peay State University, 601 College St, Clarksville, TN 37044, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Ntonghanwah Forcheh
  • Ntonghanwah Forcheh
  • Department of Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Botswana, Private Bag 00705, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Google Scholar
James G. Linn
  • James G. Linn
  • Optimal Solutions in Healthcare and International Development, U.S.A. Professor and Institute of Sociology, University of Valparaiso, Chile.
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  •  Received: 17 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 08 June 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018

Abstract

Organizational commitment is a major determinant of organizational effectiveness and desirable employee attitudes and behaviours. Highly committed academic staff are the backbone of universities since they play an important role in the success of their institutions. This study investigated factors associated with organizational commitment among academic employees of a university in Botswana using a representative sample of 165 respondents. The study also sought to develop a parsimonious model that can predict organizational commitment among academic employees in Botswana. The results show that about 3 out of 5 academic employees sampled showed evidence of commitment to the university, regardless of their socio-demographic or socio-economic background. The study found 11 factors that were associated with commitment to the university. Most of the factors that affected organizational commitment involved decisions and actions that were directly or indirectly at the disposal and control of the management. The single most important factor that predicted commitment to the university was acceptance of the new criteria for the assessment of academic staff, followed by perception of opportunities for research.

Key words: Organizational commitment, academic employees, management, university, Botswana.