International Journal of
Educational Administration and Policy Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6656
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEAPS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 227

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of teenage motherhood on the academic performance in public primary schools in Bungoma County, Kenya

Catherine Barmao-Kiptanui
  • Catherine Barmao-Kiptanui
  • Moi University, Box 72-30100, Eldoret, Kenya.
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Jonah Nyaga Kindiki
  • Jonah Nyaga Kindiki
  • School of Education, Moi University, Kenya.
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Joseph K. Lelan
  • Joseph K. Lelan
  • Moi University, Department of Education Management and Policy Studies, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 20 October 2014
  •  Accepted: 25 March 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2015


Teenage pregnancy is a concern in both developed and developing countries; however the re-entry of teenage mothers into the school system continues to demand attention as society’s negative attitude towards pregnant girls and teenage mothers persists. Those who do return to school suffer from stigmatisation, ridicule, and abuse from both teachers and other learners. This study sought to investigate the impact of teenage motherhood on the academic performance in public primary schools in Bungoma County. The study was guided by social integration model on student retention in schools whose primary purpose was to explain how the interactions among different individuals within the academic, social systems and the communities which comprised them lead individuals of different characteristics to withdraw from that institution prior to completion. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study. The study employed  both quantitative and qualitative technique where quantitative relies on the principle of verifiability and the researcher wants to obtain a large body of data or to perform statistical analysis in order to produce results that can be generalized to the target population while qualitative involves systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data in order to provide description  on selected issues; hence the researcher will use both techniques in order to maximize the strengths and minimize the limitation of each. The study employed stratified sampling, simple random and purposive sampling. A sample of 35 respondents (teenage mothers) and3 head teachers from public schools in Kopsiro division were sampled for the study. The research instruments used were questionnaire, interview schedule and document analysis. The questionnaires were administered to the teenage mothers while the interview schedules were administered to head teachers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The descriptive analysis was summarized using frequencies, percentages and cross-tabulations. The study found out that education prepares girls for jobs, livelihoods, and raises their self-esteem and that teenage motherhood leads to low educational attainment. The study recommended that by supporting teenage mothers would help them achieve their goals in education.
Key words: Teenage, Teenage Motherhood, Academic, Performance, public primary.