International Journal of
Genetics and Molecular Biology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Genet. Mol. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9863
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJGMB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 121

Full Length Research Paper

Morphological diversity patterns among selected elite Shea trees (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) from Tchologo and Bagoué districts in Northern Côte d’Ivoire

YAO Saraka Didier Martial
  • YAO Saraka Didier Martial
  • Département Biochimie-Génétique, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), UFR Sciences Biologiques, Unité Pédagogique et de Recherche (UPR) de Génétique, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
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DIARRASSOUBA Nafan
  • DIARRASSOUBA Nafan
  • Département Biochimie-Génétique, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), UFR Sciences Biologiques, Unité Pédagogique et de Recherche (UPR) de Génétique, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
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ATTIKORA Affi Jean Paul
  • ATTIKORA Affi Jean Paul
  • University of Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio-Tech, Passage des Déportés, 2 B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium.
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FOFANA Inza Jesus
  • FOFANA Inza Jesus
  • Département Biochimie-Génétique, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), UFR Sciences Biologiques, Unité Pédagogique et de Recherche (UPR) de Génétique, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
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DAGO Dougba Noel
  • DAGO Dougba Noel
  • Département Biochimie-Génétique, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), UFR Sciences Biologiques, Unité Pédagogique et de Recherche (UPR) de Génétique, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
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SILUE Souleymane
  • SILUE Souleymane
  • Département Biochimie-Génétique, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), UFR Sciences Biologiques, Unité Pédagogique et de Recherche (UPR) de Génétique, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
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VANDERSCHUREN Hervé
  • VANDERSCHUREN Hervé
  • University of Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio-Tech, Passage des Déportés, 2 B-5030 Gembloux, Belgium.
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  •  Received: 09 December 2019
  •  Accepted: 21 January 2020
  •  Published: 29 February 2020

Abstract

Agromorphological diversity structure of the elite shea trees identified in village lands and conserved in situ in the districts of Bagoué and Tchologo by the shea breeding program of the University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC, Côte d’Ivoire), are not known. In the present study, we characterized the agromorphological parameters of 220 elite shea trees using a set of 12 quantitative traits. The results showed that elite shea trees population has been structured into three morphological clusters or genetic pools that do not overlap with the original geographic areas. Morphological Cluster I contain elite shea trees with small trunk diameters carrying large leaves and producing fewer fruits per tree. Morphological Cluster II consisted of elite shea trees with stronger trunks bearing small leaves and producing a high number of fruits per tree. Morphological Cluster III regrouped elite shea trees of medium trunk diameters carrying medium sized leaves; fruit production level is intermediate compare to preceding groups. The elite shea trees of morphological Clusters II, which are more interesting from an agronomic point of view, can be used as grafting trees for the production of high-yielding grafted plants for farmers in Côte d'Ivoire.

 

Key words: elite shea trees, genetic improvement, phenotypic variability, Northern Côte d’Ivoire.