International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 263

Case Report

A case of diprosopus monauchenos in a day old calf (White Fulani × Friesian cross) in an integrated dairy farm

Salami O. S., Okaiyeto S. O., Danbirni S., Ibe C., Allam L. and Kudi A. C.
  1Veterinary Anatomy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. 2Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. 3Veterinary Surgery and Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 December 2010
  •  Published: 30 May 2011



A rare case of ‘diprosopus monauchenos’ is reported in a newborn calf that died soon after birth. The ‘diprosopus’ consisted of four eyes (tetraophthalmus), two pairs of nostrils, two mouths, each with a tongue and two pinae. The two faces were fused caudally by a single parietal bone and joined ventrally by the medial rhami of the mandible. It was delivered from a five year-old multipara cow. Necropsy revealed normal thoracic and abdominal viscera. The limbs were also normal.


Key words: Cranial duplication, diprosopus monauchenos, cow, calf.