International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 225

Full Length Research Paper

Alternative remedies and approaches used by resources-challenged farmers in the management of cattle black-leg disease in Umzingwane district, Matabeleland South, Zimbabwe

B. Moyo
  • B. Moyo
  • Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Science and Technology, Solusi University P. O. Solusi, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
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S. L. Ndlovu
  • S. L. Ndlovu
  • Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Science and Technology, Solusi University P. O. Solusi, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
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S. Moyo
  • S. Moyo
  • Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Science and Technology, Solusi University P. O. Solusi, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
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P. J. Masika
  • P. J. Masika
  • Agriculture and Rural Development Research Institute, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, P/Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
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V. Muchenje
  • V. Muchenje
  • Department of Livestock and Pasture Sciences, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, P/Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa
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D. N. Ndhlovu
  • D. N. Ndhlovu
  • Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe. P. O. Box MP 167, Harare, Zimbabwe
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V. Maphosa
  • V. Maphosa
  • Department of Livestock and Pasture Sciences, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, P/Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
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  •  Received: 13 December 2013
  •  Accepted: 28 April 2014
  •  Published: 13 June 2014

Abstract

Cattle productivity has been minimized by the occurrence of diseases such as blackleg. This study was conducted to determine and document how resource-challenged farmers of Umzingwane district of Zimbabwe use alternative remedies to manage cattle blackleg cases. Random sampling was used to select 90 beef cattle farmers who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results of the study revealed that cattle owners (86%) reported blackleg disease to be the most important disease followed by ehrlichiosis (23%) and lumpy skin disease (5%). Almost 71% of the respondents reported having experienced cases of blackleg in their herd in the past three years. Few farmers (22%) used conventional vaccines, whereas the majority (78%) used alternative remedies to manage the disease, which included; hot water (80%), hot iron (78%), Potassium permanganate (10%), Ihlwili (60%), Ricinis communis (5%), Pterocarpus angolensis (7%), Sclerocarya birrea (8%), Diospyros mespiliformis (3%), Gardenia spatulifolia (2%). Some of these remedies (P. angolensis, S. birrea, D. mespiliforms, G. spatulifolia) were believed to prevent the occurrence of the diseases, while hot water and hot iron were used for treatment of infected animals. The study revealed that most resource-challenged farmers in Umzingwane district of Zimbabwe used alternative remedies to manage blackleg infections in cattle.

 

Key words: Alternative remedies, blackleg, cattle, Clostridium chauvoei.