International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 263

Full Length Research Paper

Farmers’ perceived livestock production constraints in Ginchi watershed area: Result of participatory rural appraisal

Belay D.1*, Getachew E.2, Azage T.3 and Hegde B. H.4  
1Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, P. O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia. 2SNNPR Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, Hawassa, Ethiopia. 3International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P. O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 4Department of Animal Sciences, Alemaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 September 2013
  •  Published: 31 October 2013


A study was conducted in Ginchi watershed area, Dandi district of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to identify farmers’ perception and ranking of the most important constraints to livestock production, and their perceived strategies to alleviate the problems. Data were collected and analyzed by participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools for this study. The most important problems of livestock production perceived by the farmers in the study area were feed shortage (100% of the key informants), animal disease (73%) and water shortage and poor quality during dry season (27%), respectively. Farmers ranked feed shortage as key constraint to livestock production. Farmers’ perception, ranking, reasons and strategies to alleviate the constraints to livestock production were discussed. In conclusion, there is need for technical and institutional intervention to alleviate the identified problems to livestock production through improved feed production and conservation, veterinary health care and services, increased availability of water and quality during the dry season.


Key words: Constraints, feed, disease, livestock, water, participatory rural appraisal.