Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a bacterial disease that infects respiratory track of cattle; it prevails in most part of the world. In Ethiopia it spreads and affects cattle production with lowering economic development of the country by locking export potential. Clinical diagnosis of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is unreliable as initial sign may be slight or non-existent and may be indistinguishable from any severe pneumonia. However, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia can be investigated by pathological, microbiological, molecular or serological diagnostic methods. Among serological test, the Complement Fixation Test and Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay have been prescribed by the World Health Organization for Animal Health as herd-level diagnostic tests. But immunoblotting, latex agglutination and Polymerase Chain Reaction tests are also widely used. The control strategies of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia are slaughter policy, animal movement control, vaccination and treatments. Of these, vaccinations are widely used in Ethiopia. Live attenuated vaccines, T1/44 and T1/SR strains are widely used. T1/44 is used as a vaccine of choice when compared with T1/SR because it provides longer lasting immunity and requires less frequent repeat inoculations.
Keywords: : Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, control measurement, diagnostic test