International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 263

Full Length Research Paper

Grazing behavior, growth performance, carcass yield and economic analysis of steers supplemented with concentrate in an integrated crop-livestock system

Perecles Brito Batista
  • Perecles Brito Batista
  • Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Severino Gonzaga Neto
  • Severino Gonzaga Neto
  • Department of Animal Science, Center for Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Paraiba (CCA/UFPB), Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Danilo Gusmao de Quadros
  • Danilo Gusmao de Quadros
  • Texas A&M AgriLife Research, United States.
  • Google Scholar
Gherman Garcia Leal Araújo
  • Gherman Garcia Leal Araújo
  • Embrapa Semiarido, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Douglas Tolleson
  • Douglas Tolleson
  • Texas A&M AgriLife Research, United States.
  • Google Scholar
Heraldo Namorato de Souza
  • Heraldo Namorato de Souza
  • Cenpes, Petrobras, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 16 April 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2021

References

AOAC (1990). Official method of analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical, Washington, DC.

View

 

AOAC (2002). Official methods of analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical, Washington, DC.

View

 

Barbero RP, Malheiros EB, Araujo TLR, Nave RLG, Mulliniks JT, Berchielli TT, Ruggieri AC, Reis RA (2015). Combining Marandu grass grazing height and supplementation level to optimize growth and productivity of yearling bull. Animal Feed Science and Technology 209(1):110-118. 
Crossref

 

Brandao RKC, Carvalho GGP, Silva RR, Dias DLS, Mendes FBL, Lins TOJA, Pereira MMS, Guimaraes JO, Tosto MSL, Rufino LMA, Araujo MLGML (2018). Correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period. Tropical Animal Health and Production 50(1):105-111. 
Crossref

 

Bonadimann R, Moraes EHBK, Moraes KAK, Pina DS, Oliveira AS, Meneses DM, Stinguel H, Almeida CM (2017). Frequency of concentrate supplementation for grazing beef cattle. Semina: Ciências Agrárias 38(4):2141-2150. 
Crossref

 

Cabral CHA, Paulino MF, Detmann E, Valadares Filho SC, Barros LV, Valente EEL, Bauer MO, Cabral CEA (2014). Levels of supplementation for grazing beef heifers. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 27(6):806-817. 
Crossref

 

Cardoso ADS, Barbero RP, Romanzini EP, Teobaldo RW, Ongaratto F, Fernandes MHMDR, Ruggieri AC, Reis RA (2020). Intensification: a key strategy to achieve great animal and environmental beef cattle production sustainability in Brachiaria grasslands. Sustainability 12(16):6656. 
Crossref

 

Carvalho GMC, Frota MNL, Lima Neto AF, Azevedo DMMR, Araujo Neto RB, Araujo AM, Pereira ES, Carneiro MSS (2017). Live weight, carcass, and meat evaluation of Nellore, Curraleiro Pé-Duro, and their crossbred products in Piauí State. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 46(5):393-399. 
Crossref

 

Detmann E, Paulino MF, Zervoudakis JT, Cecon PR, Valadares Filho SC, Gonçalves LC, Cabral LS, Melo AJN (2004). Crude protein levels in multiple supplements for finishing crossbred beef cattle at pasture during dry season: productive performance and carcass characteristics. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 33(1):169-180. (Portuguese) 
Crossref

 

Detmann E, Valente EEL, Batista ED, Huhtanen P (2014). An evaluation of the performance and efficiency of nitrogen utilization in cattle fed tropical grass pastures with supplementation. Livestock Science 162(1):141-153. 
Crossref

 

Dias AM, Gomes ENO, Itavo LCV, Aranha JAM, Itavo CCBF, Nogueira E, Silva FF, Junges L (2016). Herbage allowance effects on the characteristics of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pastures and the production and economic viability of Nellore heifers. Semina: Ciências Agrárias 37(4):2301-2312 (suppl.1). 
Crossref

 

Euclides, VPB, Nantes NN, Montagner DB, Araújo AR, Barbosa RA, Zimmer AH, Valle CB (2018). Beef cattle performance in response to Ipyporã and Marandu brachiariagrass cultivars under rotational stocking management. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 47:e20180018. 
Crossref

 

Gil JDB, Garrett RD, Berger T (2016). Determinants of crop-livestock integration in Brazil: evidence from the household and regional levels. Land Use Policy 59:557-568. 
Crossref

 

Hocquette JF, Ellies-Oury MP, Lherm M, Pineau C, Deblitz C, Farmer L (2018). Current situation and future prospects for beef production in Europe - A review. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 31(7):1017-1035. 
Crossref

 

Kilgour RJ (2012). In pursuit of "normal": A review of the behaviour of cattle at pasture. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 138(1-2):1-11. 
Crossref

 

Kilgour RJ, Uetake K, Ishiwata T, Melville GJ (2012). The behaviour of beef cattle at pasture. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 138(1-2):12-17. 
Crossref

 

Kluthcouski J, Cobucci T, Aidar H, Yokoyama LP, Oliveira IP, Costa JLS, Silva JG, Vilela L, Barcellos AO, Magnabosco CU (2000). Sistema Santa Fé - Tecnologia Embrapa: integração lavoura-pecuária pelo consórcio de culturas anuais com forrageiras, em áreas de lavoura, nos sistemas direto e convencional. Embrapa Arroz e Feijão, Circular Técnica 28 p. (Portuguese).

 

Kumar S, Sieverding H, Lai L, Thandiwe N, Wienhold B, Redfearn D, Archer D, Ussiri D, Faust D, Landblom D, Grings E., Stone JJ, Jacquet J, Pokharel K, Liebig M, Schmer M, Sexton P, Mitchell R, Smalley S, Osborne S, Ali S, ?entürklü S, Sehgal S, Owen V, Jin V (2019). Facilitating crop-livestock reintegration in the Northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal 111(5):1-16. 
Crossref

 

Lemaire G, Franzluebbers A, Carvalho PCF, Dedieu B (2013). Integrated crop-livestock systems: strategies to achieve synergy between agricultural production and environmental quality. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 190(1):4-8. 
Crossref

 

Machado WS, Brandao VLN, Morais VCL, Detmann E, Rotta PP, Marcondes MI (2019) Supplementation strategies affect the feed intake and performance of grazing replacement heifers. PLoS ONE 14(9):e0221651. 
Crossref

 

Martha Junior GB, Alves E, Contini E (2011). Economic dimension of integrated crop-livestock systems. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 46(10):1117-1126. (Portuguese) 
Crossref

 

Mendes FBL, Silva RR, Carvalho GGP, Silva FF, Lins TOJD, Silva ALN, Macedo V, Abreu Filho G, Souza SO, Guimaraes JO (2015). Ingestive behavior of grazing steers fed increasing levels of concentrate supplementation with different crude protein contents. Tropical Animal Health and Production 47(2):423-428. 
Crossref

 

Moore JE, Brant MH, Kunkle WE, Hopkins DI (1999). Effects of supplementation on voluntary forage intake, diet digestibility, and animal performance. Journal of Animal Science 77(suppl.2):122-135. 
Crossref

 

National Research Council (NRC) (1996). Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. 7th Ed., National Research Council, Washington, DC.

 

Oliveira MVM, Silva, APV, Bonatti FKQ, Marcatti GE, Vargas Junior FM (2016). Supplementation with probiotics and amino acids in the development of beef cattle: identity model study. Brazilian Journal of Animal Heath and Production 17(3):474-483. (Portuguese) 
Crossref

 

Pardo RMP, Fischer V, Balbinotti M, Moreno CB, Ferreira EX, Vinhas RI, Monks PL (2003). Diurnal ingestive behavior of grazing steers fed increasing levels of energy supplementation. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 32(6):1408-1418. (Portuguese) 
Crossref

 

Poppi DP, Quigley SP, Silva TACC, McLennan SR (2018). Challenges of beef cattle production from tropical pastures. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 47:e20160419. 
Crossref

 

Quadros DG, Souza HN, Andrade AP, Bezerra ARG, Almeida RG, Sá AM, Oliveira DN, Franco, GL (2016). Bioeconomic evaluation of supplementation strategies of zebuine steers grazing on stockpiled palisade grass in the dry season. Brazilian Journal of Animal Heath and Production 17(3):461-473. (Portuguese) 
Crossref

 

Rotger A, Ferret A, Calsamiglia S, Manteca X (2006). Effects of nonstructural carbohydrates and protein sources on intake, apparent total tract digestibility, and ruminal metabolism in vivo and in vitro with high-concentrate beef cattle diets. Journal of Animal Science 84(5):1188-1196. 
Crossref

 

Rutherford NH, Gordon AW, Arnott G, Lively FO (2020) The effect of beef production system on the health, performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of holstein bulls. Animals 19(10):1922. 
Crossref

 

Sulc RM, Tracy BF (2007). Integrated crop-livestock systems in the US Corn Belt. Agronomy Journal 99(2):335-345. 
Crossref

 

Tedeschi LO, Molle G, Menendez HM, Cannas A, Fonseca MA (2019). The assessment of supplementation requirements of grazing ruminants using nutrition models. Translational Animal Science 3(2):811-828. 
Crossref

 

Vinholis MMB, Souza Filho, HM, Shimata I, Oliveira PPA, Pedroso AF (2021) Economic viability of a crop-livestock integration system. Ciência Rural 51(2):e20190538. 
Crossref