International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 526

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and associated factors of female genital mutilation among high school students in Dale Wabera Woreda, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Desalegn Shiferaw
  • Desalegn Shiferaw
  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.
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Negussie Deyessa
  • Negussie Deyessa
  • School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
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Gamachu Fufa
  • Gamachu Fufa
  • Department of Sociology, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.
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Tadele Kinati
  • Tadele Kinati
  • Departments of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.
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Markos Desalegn
  • Markos Desalegn
  • Reproductive Health and Nutrition Unit, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 03 April 2017
  •  Accepted: 03 May 2017
  •  Published: 30 June 2017

Abstract

Female genital mutilation is still a serious health problem in Ethiopia. Female genital mutilation conceptualizes harmful traditional practice and is among existing traditional attitudes and practices on practice in different corners of the world. Other than demographic and health survey data, studies showing the prevalence of female genital mutilation is scarce and in some areas nonexistent. Its existence is only, time and again recognized as the practice has various health, social and psychological adversities. This study team found it imperative as the problem warranty study with the aim to assess prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) as well as identifying its associated factors among high school students. Institution based cross sectional study design was employed. 95% confidence level and 3% margin of error were used to study the magnitude and associated factors of FGM among 798 high school and preparatory students. A multi stage sampling procedure was employed to select female students in the schools. This research showed percentages and association among the variables by univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. Data were collected from 769 study participants with a response rate of 96.4%. About 78%, 95% CI (74.9%, 80.7%) of the study participants underwent the procedure. Age ≥17 [AOR=1.8, 95% CI (1.28, 2.61)], grades 11 and 12 [AOR =2.98; 95% CI (1.45, 6.12)] and [AOR=6.52, 95% CI (1.85, 22.94)], respectively, being from rural area [AOR= 1.6, 95% CI (1.01, 2.52)], and house wife and merchant mother occupation [AOR= 2.38, 95% CI (1.07, 5.29)] and [AOR= 2.72, 95% CI (1.04, 7.12)], respectively were independently associated to higher prevalence of female genital mutilation. Irrespective of different forms of interventions in the country, the prevalence of female genital mutilation is still very high in the study area. This study thus revealed that palatable and very convenient intervention strategies need to be crafted to curb the problem at large and for those rural villagers who are at higher risk in particular.

 

Key words: Female genital mutilation (FGM), high school students, Ethiopia.