International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 526

Table of Content: May 2009; 1(5)

May 2009

Influenza virus A (H1N1)

Author(s): Dr. John  Ibekwe

May 2009

Recommended approach of the obese Greek military personnel

The worldwide “escalating epidemic” of obesity merits a high priority for preventive strategies in the Greek Armed Forces. In this report a brief realistic approach of the overweight Greek military personnel based on new developments is presented. Key words: Obesity, military personnel,  Greek

Author(s): Elias E. Mazokopakis, Christos M. Karefilakis and Ioannis K. Starakis

May 2009

Microscopic thymoma accompanying simple thymic hyperplasia

Thymic pathologies such as lymphoid follicular hyperplasia or thymoma are seen in 75% of myasthenia gravis subjects. Microscopic thymoma is a lesion that is seen in 15% of myasthenia gravis patients. The World Health Organization defines microscopic thymoma as a “ usually multifocal epithelial proliferation <1 mm in diameter”. Microthymoma, in other words microscopic-sized thymoma, should be considered in...

Author(s): Elif  U. Akyildiz,  Hale Demir,  Ahmet Demirkaya, Canan Akman,  Buge Oz and Nil U. Comunoglu

May 2009

Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia and cerebral lymphoplasmocytic proliferation: Bing-Neel syndrome

Author(s): Tazi, I.

May 2009

A rare phenomenon: Purple urine bag syndrome in a chronic lymphocytic leukaemia patient

  Key words: Purple urine bag syndrome, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, Proteus mirabilis.

Author(s): Tazi, I.

May 2009

Lasthenie de Ferjol syndrome in child: Is it possible?

  Key words: Hypochromic anemia, Lasthenie de Ferjol, psychotherapy.

Author(s): Tazi, I.

May 2009

Unilateral cerebellar calcification with surrounding gliotic changes in a child

  Key words: Cerebellar calaification, gliotic, consciousness.

Author(s): Amit Agrawal, Rafael Cincu and Brij R Singh

May 2009

Implications of I/ D (rs4340) polymorphism in CAD among South Indian population

Genetic factors are important in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The I/D polymorphism in the Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene is a genetic risk factor for CAD patients who have a history of Myocardial Infraction (MI). We investigated the association between I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene and the presence of CAD in one hundred patients (79 males and 21 females, aged between 21- 82) who...

Author(s): Kaiser Jamil, Rabbani Syed, and Hygriv Rao

May 2009

Biochemical markers of bone metabolism after a 3-mo Zizyphus spina-christi supplementation on postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

The use of dietary phyto-oestrogens as a possible option for the prevention of osteoporosis has raised considerable interest because of the increased concern about the risks associated with the use of hormone-replacement therapy. However, the evidence in support of a bone-sparing effect in post-menopausal women is still not sufficiently convincing. Most studies have been performed on soyabean isoflavones (genistein and...

Author(s): Hala M. Hussein, Adawy A. H., Haggag M. H. and EL-Shobaki F. A.

May 2010

Prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among patients attending Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

The prevalence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) was evaluated in three hundred patients attending Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital, Lafia Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Results showed 180 (60%) patients were positive. The most common organisms were Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Proteus mirabilis. In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility tests revealed that the gram...

Author(s): Kolawole, A. S., Kolawole, O. M., Kandaki-Olukemi, Y.T., Babatunde S.K., Durowade K. A. and Kolawole, C. F.

May 2009

Causes and renal morphological changes in chronic renal failure: a retrospective study of 50 autopsy cases

The paper aims to determine the age and sex distribution of patients with end stage renal disease in Benin City, Nigeria, to study renal changes in chronic renal failure and determine where possible the causal/associated aetiopathologic agents in relation to chronic renal failure, and to compare results with those of similar studies done in other parts of the country. Complete autopsy was carried out on bodies of 50...

Author(s): Martin A Nzegwu, J.U. Aligbe and Femi Ogunbiyi

May 2009

Frequency of hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections and its association with development of factor VIII inhibitor in hemophiliacs in Hamadan Province of Iran

The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of hepatitis B and C infections; to analyze the markers of inflammation and liver function tests; and to assess the possible association between factor VIII inhibitor and hepatitis C and/or hepatitis B infections in hemophiliacs of Hamadan province of Iran. Subjects with confirmed diagnosis of hemophilia who agreed to participate were recruited in this...

Author(s): Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh, Mehdi Rezazadeh, Mitra Ranjbar, Kianoush Donboli, Farahnaz Fallahian, Mehrdad Hadjilooi, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Mohammad Abbasi and Seyed Moayed Alavian

May 2009

Prolonged administration of high doses of copper nicotinate to rats: Effect on biochemical and cellular constituents of blood and on copper level in serum, liver and muscle

The effect of prolonged administration of high doses of copper nicotinate on biochemical and cellular constituents of blood and on copper level in serum, liver and muscle was studied in rats. Oral administration of copper nicotinate at doses of 0.8 or 4.0 mg/kg body weight (b. wt.) for 6 weeks did not affect GOT, creatinine or cholesterol in serum of rats. When given at 4.0 mg/kg b. wt. for 8 weeks copper nicotinate...

Author(s): Attia H. Atta, Salah Fathy, Gohar, M. , Reem Jan, Gihan Kamel, Samar M. Mouneir and Soad M. Nasr

May 2009

Antimicrobial compounds from marine halophytes for silkworm disease treatment

Forty-five crude methanolic extracts from 23 marine halophytes were screened against five bacterial and two fungal saprophytic pathogens of diseased silkworm Bombyx mori. Amongthirty-four mangrove samples screened for antibacterial activity, the leaf extract of Rhizophora mucronata showed maximum inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus (20 mm dia.). The seaweed species of Padina...

Author(s): S. Ravi Kumar, G. Ramanathan, M. Subhakaran and S. Jacob Inbaneson

May 2009

Ethnomedicinal studies on some pteridophytes of Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Orissa, India

Investigations had been made on medicinal values of higher plants but pteridophytes are often ignored. In spite of the luxuriant growth of these plants in and around Similipal in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa, northern India, they had not been studied taxonomically or ethnobotanically. The dominant tribes involved in using pteridophyte as medicines in the district...

Author(s): S. D. Rout, T. Panda and N. Mishra

May 2009

Feasibility of a nested PCR for the diagnosis of vaginal trichomoniasis: Study in Al-Madinah Al-Munwarrha, Saudi Arabia

In the present study, three vaginal swabs were collected from 1469 females clinically suspected of having Trichomonas vaginalis (T. v) infection. All samples were screened by both wet mount and Diamond's culture media that was considered as the golden standard in this study. T. vaginalis gene detection by nested PCR using 4 primers targeting the Tv-E650 gene was performed on the preserved...

Author(s): Fawzia A. Habib, Amany A. El-Aal, Nabeil S Yamany, Ahmed M. mohamadein, Omima Hamed, Ahmed Bahashwan, Nabeil Shehata and Lamia A. El-Hosseiny

May 2009

Evaluation of the association of NOD2/CARD15 gene polymorphisms with clinical course of Turkish Crohn’s disease patients

NOD2/CARD15 gene variants may be associated with distinct phenotypic expressions of Crohn’s disease, however, this association may change according to the ethnic and regional variation. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of NOD2/CARD15 gene mutations on disease phenotype in Turkish Crohn’s disease patients. Fourty-five Crohn’s disease patients (32 males, 13 females) with a mean age of...

Author(s): Fatih Tekin, Afig Berdeli, Omer Ozutemiz, Ahmet Aydin, Ahmet Musoglu, Necla Osmanoglu and Tankut Ilter

May 2009

Evaluation of immunohistochemistry with a panel of antibodies against recombinant mycobacterial antigens for the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis

Diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis can be an enigma owing to its varied clinical manifestation and also due to the low sensitivity of conventional bacteriological methods to confirm the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The present study was precisely designed to evaluate the potential diagnostic application of immunohistochemistry using a panel of antibodies against mycobacterial antigens for the diagnosis of...

Author(s): S. Sumi and V. V. Radhakrishnan

May 2009

Cerebral malaria among children from central Sudan and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 mutation

The study was carried out to investigate the distribution of cerebral malaria in central region and to identify ICAM-1 alleles and genotypes frequency in Sudanese population in the region. Fifty children with cerebral malaria and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls with no history of cerebral malaria were enrolled in the study. The highest incidence of cerebral malaria was found between the ages of 4 – 8...

Author(s): Mohammed S. Zaroog, Ahmed El Tahir, Adil Mergani, El Fatih Hashim, Mohamed Gumma, Bella Awadelseed, Ali Babkier Haboor and Nase El Din M. A. Elwali

May 2009

Plasma lipids in Helicobacter pylori infected pregnant women

Dyslipidaemia is a common feature of pregnancy and Helicobacter pylori infection respectively. We hypothesised that pregnant women infected with H. pylori may have increased disorder in lipid metabolism than non-infected pregnant women and thus estimated the plasma lipids in pregnant women with H. pylori infection. Forty (40) pregnant women (GA ≥ 11 weeks) attending ANC of the Department...

Author(s): Emmanuel Ike Ugwuja and Nicholas C. Ugwu

May 2009

Platelets: Indicator of inflammation in COPD

COPD is a disease presenting with pulmonary inflammation as well as a systemic one. The present study was conducted to see if platelet count may be accepted as an indicator of systemic inflammation other than erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). 964 smoker patients without any concomitant disease were divided into groups as COPD and non-COPD according to spirometric values. Physical...

Author(s): Gulfidan Cakmak, Zuhal Aydan Saglam, Tayyibe Saler, Mustafa Yenigun, Esra Ataoglu, Levent Umit Temiz and Tuncalp Demir

May 2009

Relationship between homocystein blood level and multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis which is identified by the triad of inflammation, demyelination, and gliosis, is a chronic disease beginning early in adulthood. It is a disease of time and place, meaning involves different locations in different time intervals, and results in a variability of symptoms and signs including visual complains, motor weakness, and cerebellar problems. Although the main cause of the disease is unknown,...

Author(s): Seyed Ali Masoud and Esmail Neurosurjery Fakharian

May 2009

Could we reduce the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in Otitis externa

The incidence of MRSA is once again on the agenda for the hospital management. This strain of micro organism presents a challenge for ENT doctors worldwide. Despite many strict measures taken all over the world, the figures appear to be rising; there has been a steady increase in the number of cases of nosocomial MRSA infections. We examined all external ear swabs samples taken from patients...

Author(s): Hasanin Al Chalabi, Peter Walshe and C. Timon

May 2009

Serum malondialdehyde, glutathione and nitric oxide levels in patients infected with Entamoeba coli

While Entamoeba histolytica is a major human pathogen, other species like Entamoeba coliare not known to be pathogenic. Thus, there have been studies investigating the possible pathogenic nature of E. coli. The aim of this study is to evaluate the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in E. coli-infected patients. The study was conducted between...

Author(s): Ulku Karaman, Tugba Raika Kiran, Cemil Colak, Meryem Iraz, Tuncay Celik and Aysun Bay Karabulut,

May 2009

A faster and safer staining technique for acid fast bacilli in resource-poor setting

The traditional Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) method used for the staining of acid fast bacilli contains phenol and because of the hazardous nature and inherent danger of phenol, this study was carried out to develop a faster and safer method in our environment that will exclude toxic phenol from the staining solution. “Morning fresh”, a commercial liquid dish washing solution with super grease cutting power and citrus...

Author(s): Da’si Kemgni Raoul, Ogboi Sonny Johnbull and Idoko John