Focus has continuously increased on the performance of organizations in order to meet the challenges of competition globally. Organizations can improve their performance by restructuring their processes and policies through improved job design. This has been realized by managers and academicians that what an employee actually does on his job has considerable influence on his productivity, job satisfaction, work life balance, and level of burnout. The present study aimed at studying the functions of job design on work-life balance and burnout of employees. The present study examined the impact of key components of job design (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback) on work-life balance (work interference with personal life, personal life interference with work, and work/personal life enhancement) and burnout (exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy). In addition, the mediating effect of work-life balance on the relation of job design and burnout was also tested. The data was collected from 350 managers and the participants were chosen by purposive and convenient sampling. Collected data were analyzed using SPSSv.17 and Amosv.20. The data was subjected to stepwise regression analysis and mediation testing. In addition to test the factor structure of the scales, the scales were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) with Kaiser's varimax rotation. The results indicated a positive impact of job design on work -life balance and on the other hand, a negative impact of job designs on burnout. It can be concluded that work-life balance significantly and partially mediate the relationship between job design and burnout. The present study provides important implications for researchers and management practitioners to understand the need of job design to achieve organizational effectiveness through fostering work-life balance and reducing burnout.
Keywords: Job design, work-life balance, burnout, managers