International Journal of
Psychology and Counselling

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Psychol. Couns.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2499
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 220

Full Length Research Paper

Effectiveness of counselling services on retention rate of undergraduate students in selected universities in Kenya

Nyutu Jane Gathoni
  • Nyutu Jane Gathoni
  • Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Merecia Ann Sirera and
  • Merecia Ann Sirera and
  • Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Wilfridah Olaly
  • Wilfridah Olaly
  • Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 January 2019
  •  Accepted: 21 March 2019
  •  Published: 30 April 2019


Agboola BM, Adeyemi JK, Ogbodo CM (2014). Academic Achievement and Admission policy as Correlate of Student retention in Nigerian Federal Universities. International Journal of Business and Social Science 5(2):101-108.


Burke L (2016). University Attrition Rate, Why are so Many Students Dropping Out? melbourne:


Capital Campus (2014). Rising number of Kenyan students dropping out of University.


Carvalho J, Chima FO (2016). Development and Validation of College Level Academic Retention Scale. American International Journal of Social Science 5(3):1-8.


Chacha G (2015). Tale of Kenyan students enrolling for prestigious medicine course, only to drop out when it gets tough. The Nairobian 2. Available at: 



Grencavage LM, Norcross JC (1990). Wheer are the Commonalities among the Therapeutic Common Factors? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 21(5):372-378.


Griffith Quality, Planning and Statistics (2015). Operation Student Success: Griffith's Student Retention Strategy 2012 - 2014. Quensland: Griffith University.


Han CW, Farruggia SP, Moss TP (2017). Effects of Academic Mindsets on College Students' Achievement and Retention. Journal of College Student Development 58(8):1119-11341.


Hutz-Midgett A, Hutz C (2012). Counselling in Brazil:Past, Present and Future. Journal of Counselling and Development 90(2):238-242.


Lotkowski AV, Robbins BS, Noeth JR (2004). The Role of Academic and Non-academic Factors in Improving College Retention. ACT Policy Report. 


Macgregor K (2007). South Africa: Student drop-out rates alarming. 


McGillivray JC, Pidgeon MA (2015). Resilience Attributes Among University Students: A Comparative Study of Psychological Distress, Sleep Disturbances and Mindfulness. European Scientific Journal: 33-48.


Nelson-Jones R (2011). Basic Counselling Skills: A Helper's Manual. London: Sage.


Odes E, Michelson TS, Locke B, Olson AE, Lee D (2009). The Effects of College Counselling on Academic Performance and Retention. Journal of College Students Development 50(3):305-319.


OECD (2011). "How many young people graduate from tertiary education?" In education at a Glance 2011: Highlights. Paris: OECD Publishing . Available at: 



Pidgeon A, Rowe FN, Stapleton P, Magyar BH, Lo YB (2014). Examining characteristics of resilience among university students: An international study. Open Journal of Social Sciences 2(11):14-22.


Redmond B, Quin S, Devitt C, Archbold J (2011). A qualitative investigation into the reasons why students exit from the first year of their programme and UCD . Dublin: University College Dublin.


Ryan RM, Deci EL (2000). Self-determination theory and facilitation of Intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist 55:68-78.


Saleh A, Bista K (2017). Examining Factors Impacting Online Survey Response Rates in Educational Research: Perceptions of Graduate Students. Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation 13(29):63-74.


Terenzin PT, Springer L, Yaeger PM, Pascarella ET, Nora A (1996). First-Generation College Students: Characteristics, Experiences, and Cognitive Development. Research in Higher Education 37(1):1-22.


Wangeri T, Kimani E, Mutweleli SM (2012). Transitional Challenges Facing University First Year Students in Kenyan Public Universities: A Case of Kenyatta University. Interdisplinary Review of Economics and Management 2(1):41-50.