International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2550

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of growth rate on the physical and mechanical properties of Sn-3.7Ag-0.9Zn eutectic alloy

U. Böyük1*, S. Engin2, H. Kaya1, N. MaraÅŸli3, E. Çadirli4 and M. Åžahin4
1Department of Science Education, Education Faculty, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. 2Department of Physics, Institute of Science and Technology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. 3Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. 4Department of Electronics and Automation, Technical Vocational School of Sciences, NiÄŸde University, NiÄŸde, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 February 2013
  •  Published: 28 February 2013

Abstract

Sn-3.7wt.%Ag-0.9wt.%Zn alloy was directionally solidified upward under different conditions, with different growth rates (V = 3.38 - 220.12 µm/s) at a constant temperature gradient (G = 4.33 K/mm) and with different temperature gradients (G = 4.33 -12.41 K/mm) at a constant growth rate (V = 11.52 µm/s) by using a Bridgman-type directional solidification furnace. The microstructure was observed to be a rod Ag3Sn structure in the matrix of β-Sn from the directionally solidified Sn-3.7wt.%Ag-0.9wt.%Zn samples. The microhardness, tensile strength and electrical resistivity of alloy were measured from directionally solidified samples. The dependency of the microhardness, tensile strength and electrical resistivity on the solidification parameters for directionally solidified Sn-Ag-Zn eutectic alloy was investigated and the relationships between them were experimentally obtained by using regression analysis. The results obtained in the present work were compared with the previous similar experimental results.

 

Key words: Alloys, crystal growth, microstructure; mechanical properties, electrical properties.