International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2533

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of thermally stratified ambient fluid on MHD convective flow along a moving non-isothermal vertical plate

Gurminder Singh1, P. R. Sharma2 and A. J. Chamkha3*
1Birla Institute of Technology (Ranchi), Ext. Center Jaipur, 27 Malviya Industrial Area, Jaipur-302017, India. 2Department of Mathematics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur - 302055, India. 3Manufacturing Engineering Department, the Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Shuweikh, 70654, Kuwait.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 December 2009
  •  Published: 31 March 2010


Aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of linear thermal stratification in stable stationary ambient fluid on steady convective flow of a viscous incompressible electrically conducting fluid along a moving, non-isothermal vertical plate in the presence of transverse magnetic field. The governing equations of continuity, momentum and energy are transformed into ordinary differential equations using local similarity transformation. The resulting coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations are solved using Runge-Kutta fourth order method along with shooting technique. The velocity and temperature distributions are discussed numerically and presented through graphs. The numerical values of skin-friction coefficient and Nusselt number at the plate are derived, discussed numerically for various values of physical parameters and presented through Tables.


Key words: Thermal stratification, MHD, convection, boundary layer flow, non-isothermal plate, skin friction, nusselt number.