International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305

Full Length Research Paper

Professional homogeneity: Global versus local effects

Roni Factor1*, Amalya L. Oliver 2 and Guy Stecklov2
  1School of Criminology, University of Haifa, Israel. 2Department of Sociology and Anthropology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 08 February 2012
  •  Published: 31 March 2012



Theoretical approaches in studies on professionals are implicitly based on an assumption of homogeneity of attitudes among professionals. However, this assumption has never been validated. This paper examines whether professionals worldwide have relatively homogenous attitudes towards work as compared to non-professionals, and compares two competing theoretical arguments regarding the role of the state in shaping professionals’ work-related attitudes. These were tested using a multi-national representative sample of 12,015 respondents from twenty-one countries. Multilevel models showed that professionals do display more homogenous attitudes than non-professionals and that the effect of professional group membership on attitudes does not vary across countries.


Key words: Work attitudes, homogeneity, institutional theory, globalization, multilevel model.