International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 332

Full Length Research Paper

Critical analysis of music prohibition and permission in Islam

Mussa Ame Mussa
  • Mussa Ame Mussa
  • 1Turkish Maarif School, Mombasa, Zanzibar Urban/West, Tanzania. 2Ukuem Islamic Organisation for Education and Development, Zanzibar, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 24 January 2024
  •  Accepted: 16 April 2024
  •  Published: 31 May 2024


Neubauer et al. confirmed that the status of music in Islam is one of the most controversial issues. The debate over whether Islam permits or forbids music has intensified. On October 22, Abdul Wahid Shaikh declared, "Music is not forbidden in Islam." A heated debate often arises when the prohibition of music in Islam is discussed, along with its permissibility. Scholars have long debated whether music is permissible or not. Some believe it is entirely prohibited, while others think it is entirely legalized, and some argue that certain aspects of music are allowed while others are not. Scholars differ on whether music itself is prohibited or if only some aspects connected to music are. Under Mohammed Bin Salman’s rule in Saudi Arabia, there is an increasing tendency for youngsters to be involved in electronic music. Sheikh Adil al-Kalbani, the leader of the Riyadh Mosque, claimed that music, singing, and musical instruments existed during the time of the Prophet Muhammad. This paper will critically analyze music and singing from an Islamic perspective, particularly in relation to specific events and circumstances.


Key words: Music, prohibition, Quran, permission, opinion, ruling singing.