International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305

Full Length Research Paper

Revitalization of Gampong Institution in Aceh: Measuring the program of “Back to Gampong” in the middle of the changing society: A case in Aceh Besar regency

Mahmuddin Mahmuddin
  • Mahmuddin Mahmuddin
  • Post-Graduated IPB Bogor, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
Lala M. Kolopaking
  • Lala M. Kolopaking
  • Study Program of Rural Sociology IPB Bogor, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
Rilus A. Kinseng
  • Rilus A. Kinseng
  • Study Program of Rural Sociology IPB Bogor, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
Saharuddin
  • Saharuddin
  • Study Program of Rural Sociology IPB Bogor, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar
Sadu Wasistiono
  • Sadu Wasistiono
  • IPDN Bandung, Indonesia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 28 February 2014
  •  Accepted: 09 September 2014
  •  Published: 30 September 2014

Abstract

The passage of UU No. 18, 2001 on regional autonomy and followed up with the issuance of Qanun No. 4, 2003 on mukim, and Qanun No. 5, 2003 on gampong and reinforced by UUPA No. 11, 2006 on Acehnese government is a history of social identity of Acehnese society, which has been neglected during the conflict. The regional government has made some breakthroughs and one of the breakthroughs was gampong revitalization through a program called “back to gampong”. The study aims to answer the dynamic of revitalization of gampong institution in the middle of special autonomy implementation and the implementation of Qanun gampong in the administration of gampong institution. The research uses qualitative approach. Data collection is conducted using in-depth interview, observation and documentation study. Data reduction process, data presentation and conclusion are used to analyze data. The study shows that the implementation of program “back to gampong” encourages the strengthening process of gampong institution as well as weakens the institution itself. The development of gampong that focuses on physical aspect has created coordination gap among apparatus of the institution in planning system and financial management of the institution. The tug in the mechanism of financial development and management at gampong has created a space for the involvement and influence from gampong elite in gampong governance. Non-uniform honorary allocation for gampong governmental apparatus is one of the indicators of weak role and function of gampong cultural institution because the previous inherent communal values have been calculated economically.

 

Key words: Revitalization, Gampong institution, Back to Gampong.