The objective of this study was to investigate and reveal the socio-demographic factors affecting civil registration in Nigeria. The study employed the cross-sectional survey design. Instruments were administered to 600 participants sampled through a systematic random technique. SPSS (version 22) was used to analyze the data. Local importance attached to civil registration was different towards birth, death and marriage respectively. The multivariate Logistic Regression analyses showed that residential location (rural or urban), income and education were important factors affecting attitudes to civil registration; and these factors correlated with birth, death and marriage to different degrees. We conclude that, in addition to availability of institutional provisions, moderating variables peculiar to each cultural area should be factored into efforts to improve civil registration.
Key words: Civil registration, death registration, marriage registration, Nigeria, vital statistics.