This study investigated the relationship between resource utilization and internal efficiency indicators in Nigeria public secondary schools with a view to appraise whether the public secondary schools in the country make the best use of resources allotted in turning out graduates with minimal wastage. A correlational study; stratified random sampling technique (SRST), based on the six geo-political zones was used to select 250 Local Government Areas (LGAs) out of the existing 774 LGAs representing 32%. Then sample proportion to size method (SPS) was used to select 136 public secondary schools from all the 250 sampled LGAs. Instruments tagged: Resource Utilization Questionnaire (RUQ) and Internal Efficiency Questionnaire (IEQ) were used to collect relevant data on the independent and dependent variables respectively and pre-tested using test–re test method. Four null hypotheses were generated to guide the study. Out of the four hypotheses generated, one was rejected while three were accepted. The correlation matrix table showed that all variables of Resource Utilization had positive relationship with Internal Efficiency. This attested to the fact that resources are vital for educational system production function. The implications of the findings towards socio- problems of education were stated and recommendations are hereby made.
Key words: Resource, utilization, internal, efficiency.
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