International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305

Full Length Research Paper

Social attitude and socio economic status of physical education students of Jammu Kashmir and Punjab states

Hilal Ahmad1, Gaurav Dureja2* and Surjeet Singh3
  1Singhania University, Pacheri Bari Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan, India. 2Department of Physical Education (TE&L), Post Graduate Government College, Sector-11, Chandigarh (U.T.), India. 3Department of Physical Education, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 September 2011
  •  Published: 30 November 2011



The purpose of the present study was to determine the social attitude and socio economic status between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states. To obtain data for this study, the investigator had selected two hundred (N = 200) subjects, out of which one hundred (N = 100) from Punjab state and one hundred (n = 100) from Jammu Kashmir state who were studying in SKR college of Physical Education, Bhagoo Majra Kharar, Mohali, Department of Physical Education Punjabi University, Patiala (Punjab) Government College of Physical Education Ganderbal, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Kashmir (J&K). The age of all subjects ranged from 21 to 28 years. To collect the required data for the present study, to measure the social attitude by applying the Hakim and Singh (1997) social attitude questionnaire was used and to assess the socio economic status level of the subject by socio economic questionnaire developed by Agashe and Helode (1988). The scoring was done for the respective questionnaires according to their manuals. “T” test was applied to determine the significance of difference and direction of difference in mean scores of variables between Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The results revealed no significant difference between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states on the variable of social attitude. However, the results with regard to the variable socio economic status were found statistically insignificant between physical education students of Punjab and Jammu Kashmir states.


Key words: Punjab, Jammu Kashmir, social attitude, socio economic status.