International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 288

Review

Globalisation, religion and religiosity in Tanzania

Huruma Luhuvilo Sigalla
  • Huruma Luhuvilo Sigalla
  • Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Dar es Slaam, Tanzania.
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  •  Received: 13 May 2014
  •  Accepted: 04 May 2015
  •  Published: 30 June 2015

Abstract

This article examines the impact of globalisation on religion and religiosity in Tanzania in the face of the neo-liberal ideology taking hold of the country. It focuses mainly on christian groups and denominations influenced by  pentecostalism in Tanzania. Thus, the discussion does not include other religions because since 1980s, it is evident that there has been an increase of new churches within christian groups. The main argument is that neo-liberal ideologies, which have been apparent in the east African countries since the 1980s, have affected people's religious attitudes, expectations and beliefs. One of the aspects of neo-liberal policies in Africa in general and Tanzania in particular has been to strengthen good governance and democracy by, among other things, supporting the civil society (Shivji, 2006). These civil society groups include  political parties, Non-Governmantal Organisations (NGOs), Community Based Organisations (CBOs) and Faith-Based Organisations (FBOs).  The changes taking place have also led to the establishment and registration of various new churches with diverse interests. On the whole, Christian religiosity is changing. It is no longer only about worship but also about faith in the power of healing and miracles.

Key words: Globalisation, religiosity, religion, pentecostalism.