This essay relates to the issues of sociological and cultural diversity in India vis-à-vis the global emerging issues of sociological and cultural diversity conservation. The Caste system upon which India’s tradition of diversity or unity in diversity is essentially rooted requires a fresh attention in the emerging perspective of sociological and cultural diversity conservation. The argument here, however, is not a Caste favoritism or revivalism, but that there is still need for further understanding of the system. Although the caste system in India is a unique one, in essence the traditional multiplicity of India’s social and cultural contents pivoted around Caste system is essentially comparable to the now emerging multiculturalism around the world. Both, the Indian traditional situation of sociological and cultural diversity and the now emerging situation of multiculturalism elsewhere in the world face a common problem in negotiating modern liberal democratic values and universal individual freedom. For last 50 years, the independent India is trying to overcome the problem, and therefore, the Indian successful account could be an instant model for the rest of the world.
Key words: India, cultural diversity, caste system, multiculturalism, conservation, public policy.
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