International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305

Full Length Research Paper

Challenges and opportunities of female domestic workers in accessing education: A qualitative study from Bahir Dar city administration, Amhara region, Ethiopia

Yohannes Mersha Belete
  • Yohannes Mersha Belete
  • Department of Gender and Development Studies, Faculty of Social Science, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 01 January 2014
  •  Accepted: 28 April 2014
  •  Published: 30 June 2014


Domestic workers have been in existence throughout the Ethiopian history. However, there is no detail study about the actual conditions of the domestic workers. This means information about domestic workers is quite absent. Hence, this research intends to fill this knowledge gap by studying at least the educational conditions of domestic workers in Bahir Dar city administration in Amhara region. The study employed case study research design which includes solely a qualitative approach. The data were gathered from purposively selected interviewees, focus group discussants and key informants. The data were analyzed using thematic qualitative analysis technique. The study found that the major challenges of the domestic workers to access education are low wages, burden of work, time constraints, educational fee and unintended pregnancy. And the opportunities, are the existence of night school program and educational/stationery material support. Based on the findings the study recommended that governmental and non-governmental charity organizations should work to create strong income generating mechanisms for the domestic workers. Public discussion forums should be conducted to raise the awareness of employers regarding the overall situation of domestic workers. Strict labor laws should be introduced and implemented. And the existing activity of educational material support should be strengthened. 
Key words:  Domestic work, education and female.