International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 305


Ziya Gökalp’s political sociology

Ensar Yilmaz
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Faculty of Business Administration, Bartin University, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 January 2010
  •  Published: 31 March 2010



Regarded as the founder of Sociology in Turkey, Ziya Gökalp's influence has not been confined to the social sciences. Gökalp’s thoughts shaped the formation of the Republic of Turkey after the dissolution of Ottoman Empire. Gökalp’s traces can be found in the public’s political, economic and socio-cultural restructuring. In an attempt to combine social values (national culture) with the elements of Western civilizations that inspired his thinking, Gökalp considered the relations between the politics and society and asserted that the structures and identities to be constructed should be imposed by the state through the elites that were aware of the people’s conditions, referring also to authoritarian methods as necessary.


Key words: Ziya Gökalp, politics, state, elite.