International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Article in Press

The role of International Partners in return migration policymaking and implementation: the case of the German Cooperation for Development (GIZ) in Cameroon

Charles Simplice Mbatsogo Mebo

  •  Received: 02 May 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 October 2019
In recent decades, the relationship between migration and development is a subject of renewed interest, the main concern being to know the impact of emigration on the economic and social development of the South. While migrants can contribute to the development of country of origin through remittances, they can also participate through their knowledge transfer and network of contacts. In this context, a bilateral and multilateral diplomacy is been developed as well as a decentralized international cooperation for a better management of this geopolitical issue. Despite this dynamic, only few African countries have initiated relevant policies for the return and resettlement of their Diasporas. This paper examines the contribution of the Migration for Development Program of German Cooperation for Development (GIZ) in Cameroon, with regards to their support for the return and reintegration of migrants. Our analysis was conducted on the basis of documentary explorations and field surveys with returnees. Findings revealed that the contribution of the GIZ in Cameroon is relevant in relation to its participation in the financing and placement of returned experts. However, its financial and technical support remains insufficient in view of its relatively low level of deployment and the insignificant impact of its investments on the reintegration of migrants. Finally, to improve migration management, it is necessary to set up a mechanism to raise awareness, a coordination system of all actors involved in this area of public action but also a reform of migration policy, institutional capacity building, and the improvement of the juridical-administrative and economic environment to favor codevelopment.

Keywords: Governance, return migrations, strategic framework, codevelopment, Cameroon