This paper focuses on environmental and human rights issues in relation to the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project. Access to fossil energy has become a global challenge to world leading nations. African petroleum (1, 40%) that was not long ago underrated has finally assumed a geopolitical and geo-strategic importance in this decade. This can be noticed from the high number of companies involved in oil prospecting and exploitation in Africa. The Chad - Cameroon pipeline project is one of this exploitation ventures in the continent. This $3.7 billion project, the single largest private sector investment in sub-Saharan Africa involves a 650 miles (1070km) pipeline that stretches from the oil wells and drilling sites in southern Chad to the export terminal on the Atlantic coast in the south of Cameroon. The pipeline cuts Cameroonâ€™s biodiversity rich rain forest over some 890km.
Keywords: Pipeline, Oil exploitation, Human rights, poverty, development