International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 294

Full Length Research Paper

Witchcraft stigmatization and abuse of children in Akwa-Ibom state, Nigeria

Chineyemba Lydia Isioma
  • Chineyemba Lydia Isioma
  • Department of Criminology and Security Studies, College of Arts Management and Social Sciences, Chrisland University Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 26 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 27 June 2019
  •  Published: 31 July 2019


Ajala AS, Ediomo-Ubong EN (2010). It's my step mother: witchcraft social relations and Ibibio south-south Nigeria. Anthropos 105:455-470.


Ashforth A (1998). Witchcraft violence and democracy in the new South Africa stable.


Babalola O (2010). Witchcraft belief, wicca and religious freedom: In: Ademowo A.J, Forxcroft G., and Oladipo, T.D. eds. Suffer not a witch to live: Discourse on child- Witch hunting in Nigeria, pp. 58-62. Ibadan, Ayomide publishers (2014).


Becker HS (1974). Labeling theory reconsidered. Deviance and social control. P. Rock and A. M. Mclntosh. eds. London: Tavistock. pp. 172-180.


Barker E (2010). An introduction to the Devil's children.


Binniyat L (2010). View [Accessed on 7/09/13.


Brisibe P (2017). Father burns 13 year old son with iron, ties him to window for three days. Vanguard Newspaper (Nigeria, July 2017). 


Chineyemba L, Ademowo A, Foxcroft G, Oladipo T (2010). The emergence of and worries over child witches. Suffereth not a Witch to Live, pp. 1-8.


Chineyemba LI (2014). Labeling of Children as Witches in Eket, Akwa Ibom state Nigeria. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.


Chineyemba LI (2016). Child-witch phenomenon: A stratagem for capital accumulation. International Institute for Science and Technology and Education (IISTE) ISSN 2225-0484 (Online) 7(10):120-127, ISSN 2224-5766 (Paper).


Choji R (2013). Child witchcraft-myth or reality? Leadership (Nigeria; September 22). Available at: 



Colson E (2000). The father as witch. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 70(3):333-358.


Edigho (2018). Brief story, about Mary Slessor who stop killing of twins in Calabar 

View Accessed 15/ 3/ 2019


Ekong EE (2001). Sociology of the Ibibio: A study of social organization and change. Uyo, Akwa-Ibom: Modern business press Ltd.


Enodien TP (2008). Our way of life and death. Eket: Danison printing Press.


Eyo C (2013). Tackling the menace of homeless children. The Daily Trust (Nigeria; December6).


Geshiere P (1997). The modernity of witchcraft, politics and the occult in postcolonial Africa. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.


Hanson DK, Ruggiero DR (2013). Briefing Paper - Child Witchcraft Allegations and Human Rights. Retrieved from European Parliament: 



Haviland WA (2002). Cultural Anthropology. USA: Wadswotth Thompson


Igbo EM (2008). Aetiology of Crime: Perspectives in Theoretical Criminology. Enugu: New Generation Books.


Iwenwanne V (2018). Pentecostal pastors continue to brand children as witches in Nigeria.

View Accessed 15/6/19.


Joselow G (2012). Children Accused of Witchcraft Left Vulnerable in Central African Republic. Retrieved from VOA News.


MacLean D (2014). Papua New Guinea's Tragic Witch-Hunts. Retrieved from The Diplomat: 

View Accessed 15/6/19.


Madike I (2008). Nigeria: Akwa Ibom state witchcraft riddle. Daily Independence November1, 2008: 5


Mungai C (2014). Child 'Witches' and Killings in Africa: Why the Little Ones Are Safer in Muslim than Christian Societies. Retrieved from Mail & Guardian Africa.


Offiong DA (1991). Witchcraft, sorcery, magic and social order among the Ibibio Nigeria. Enugu Nigeria: fourth dimension publishers' co ltd.


Tannenbaum F (1938). Crime and the community. NY: Columbia University.


Taussig MT (1980). The devil and commodity fetishism in South America. USA: University of North Carolina Press.


This Day Newspaper (2013). Man, 57, raps eight-year-old girl. March 26. Available at 

View 143208/ (accessed 28/3/13).


Tonda J (2002). La guerison divine en Afriquecentralein. Children accused of witchcraft: an anthropological study of contemporary practices in Africa. Aleksandra, C.:21. UNICEF WCARO, Dakar.


UNICEF (2001). Children's and women's rights in Nigeria: a wake-up call, situational assessment and analysis. pp. 210-211. 



Ukpabio H (2003). Unveiling the mysteries of witchcraft. Nigeria: Liberty publishers.


Umukoro A (2016). "Left to die: Tales of woe from Nigerian children branded 'witches.' Sunday Punch (Nigeria; April 24).


Vanguard Newspaper (2014). Police nab prophetess for setting 9-year-old daughter ablaze. Available at  

View 2014/05/ [Accessed on 5/6/17].