International Journal of
Science and Technology Education Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6559
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSTER
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 79

Full Length Research Paper

Design and development of wick type solar distillation system

S. H. Sengar*, A. G. Mohod, Y. P. Khandetod, S. P. Modak and D. K. Gupta
  Department of Electrical and Other Energy Sources, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, DBSKKV, Dapoli, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 June 2011
  •  Published: 31 August 2011



The single basin wick type solar desalination was designed with corrugated galvanized iron sheet of area 1 mas an absorber in between the wick strip for obtaining maximum temperature inside the distiller. This distiller was tested at different inclinations for load and no load test in winter and summer months. The chemical analysis of the distilled water and impure water was carried out. The economic of the present system was studied. The cost of the system was calculated. The system was tested by applying statistical approach to estimate the best method for desalination. The average yield of distilled water from Single Basin Wick Type Solar Desalination Plant (SBWSD) was 2300 ml/m2/day in winter and 3400 ml/m2/day in summer at Dapoli, India. Maximum distilled water obtained at an angle 40º48’ in winter season. The efficiency of the SBWSD was 47.14% in winter and 56.29% in summer. The benefit cost ratio and pay back period for SBWSD was 1.70 and 6 months, respectively.


Key words: Wick type solar distillation, chemical analysis, economics.