International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 343

Full Length Research Paper

Climate compatible development in Ethiopia: A policy review on water resources and disaster risk management of Ethiopia

Melaku Asmare
  • Melaku Asmare
  • National Disaster Risk Management Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mulugeta Alemu
  • Mulugeta Alemu
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 13 August 2021
  •  Accepted: 14 September 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2021


Climate Compatible Development (CCD) is an emerging development approach which seeks to minimize the threat posed by climate change while maximize the opportunities for development. In view of the adverse impact of climate change on the general development of the country, Ethiopia, a number of polices which constitute climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies have been adopted and established. Among such polices, Ethiopian water resources and disaster risk management policy is expected to have direct and indirect role in addressing climate change mitigation and adaptation. Rainwater harvesting, water shed management, use of water efficiently, small scale irrigation and water resource protection, strengthening drought and flood early warning system are adaptation strategies for water resource policy, and water harvesting and improved energy efficiency are low carbon footprint strategies/mitigation strategies. Disaster risk management policy also comprises climate change and variability related disaster risk reduction strategies; enhancing early warning information system, and safety net program as the climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies, which are the major component of CCD. These policies also have its own limitation in relation to the system base and institutional gap in implementing CCD. In fact, these barriers can be eased by updating and/or adjustment of the policies under the framework of climate compatible development; mainstreaming climate change issues into water resource and disaster risk management policy; strengthening sector-wise linkage and synergy to avoid overlap; as well as monitoring the climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies among sectors.

Key words: Climate change, low-carbon footprint, adaptation, mainstreaming, Ethiopia