International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009

IJWREE Articles in press

Article in Press


This study is aim at investigating the causes of failures and hence the unsustainability of boreholes in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State. Data was collected through field survey, structured interview and the use of Global Positioning System (GPS). The result of the study was analysed using descriptive statistics and GIS buffer analysis techniques. The study revealed that there are 79% functional boreholes, and...


Article in Press

Evaluation of Stream Flow Under Land Use Land Cover Change for Surface Irrigation, Chemoga Catchment, Abay Basin, Ethiopia

To enhance the productivity and socioeconomic development in agricultural catchment irrigation development is an important issue. The initiation of this study was to evaluate stream flow under land use land cover change for surface irrigation. The necessary data were collected from different respective institution and free available websites. After collecting the necessary data, quality checking and filling of missed data...

Author(s):Anmut Enawgaw Kassie

Article in Press

Estimate of bed load transport and scour depth in Kwadna watershed in Minna, Niger State

Knowledge of sediment transport has been used to determine whether erosion or deposition will occur beneath the hydraulic structures, especially the magnitude of this erosion or deposition, and the time and distance over which it will occur. This paper, therefore, utilizes the stream gauging by wading method in estimating the bed load transport and scour depth in Kwadna basin. The estimate of bed load transport enhances...

Author(s):Adesiji, A.R

Article in Press

Correlation and Regression Analysis techniques applied to study Water Quality Assessment of Krokodilrivier Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

The water quality data was collected from the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS), and for this paper, the 2008 to 2018 data for the Krokodilrivier was used. There are 17 water quality variables, which were analysed, and are grouped into physical and chemical parameters. The data was compared with some of the international drinking water quality standards, such as the one issued by the World Health Organisation (WHO),...

Author(s):Fulufhelo Mavhungu

Article in Press

Application of Remote Sensing minoring for Land Surface temperature Changes, Using Thermal bands of Landsat sensors, Case study: Kabul Province

The fast changes in the land use and land cover of an urban area have become a major environmental concern recently in Kabul City. Land Surface Temperature, monitoring major elements of climate changes in a region studies. This paper aimed to explain the technique for land surface temperature differences analysis with the data from Landsat_7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) and Landsat_8 OLI/TIR thermal infrared sensor...

Author(s):Asadullah Rahmatzai

Article in Press

The effect of geological structures on groundwater in sedimentary formation of Abuja. Nigeria

Abuja sedimentary formation is located within the southern part of the federal capital territory which house Abaji and Kwali area councils. This area was investigated for ground water potential using the effect of the rock structures to determine the hydrology components of the studied area. Geophysical method and geological method of exploration involving the vertical electrical sounding was employed to prospect for...


Article in Press


Land use and land cover changes in Kulfo River watershed experience enormously of human instabilities due to agricultural development, and growing urban demand for charcoal, cutting wood for energy; resulting in forest and land degradation. This consecutively transformed the hydrologic responses of the watershed. The purpose of this study was assessing the hydrological impact of land use change on Kulfo River watershed....

Author(s):Wanjala Wankie Tilahun

Article in Press

Analysis and Characterization of Rainfall trend using Statistical Approach: a case study

In a city like Bangalore, where the population is high, settlements are congested and thus every nook and cranny of the city is occupied by residences, businesses etc. During rainfall, the low-lying areas become flooded. This poses a risk towards life and property of the people living in such areas. During rainy season this catastrophe can be manages as the authorities would be well prepared and take necessary action. But,...

Author(s): Surendra H J

Article in Press


Now a day, Lake Hawassa is seriously impinged by the various human activities in its watershed. This could create favorable conditions for the invasive Macrophytes like water hyacinth attacking Lake Tana and Koka. Hence, identification of the impacts of pollution on the Macrophytes species diversity, distribution and coverage is very important. In doing so, rapid bioassessment method in five pollution entry points, where...

Author(s):Lalisa Gemechu Bona

Article in Press


From the times of the industrial revolution, there has been an enormous change in social and economic growth leading to various compromise in other areas such as environmental degradation at the expense of development and modernization, most settings tend to focus more on social and economic stands and other important strands of the environment without appreciating the status and changes in the environment. The rationale...

Author(s):Brian Chanda Chiluba

Article in Press

Analysis of Rainfall Trend in the eastern parts of Ethiopia, West Harargae

Analysis of rainfall trend is an important tool for decision making in water resources management. The objective of this study was to investigate the time series trend of rainfall data for three sites in the eastern parts of Ethiopia, west Harargae. The double mass curve techniques was used to assess the homogeneity of the rainfall data and the Man-Kendall test was employed to detect the changes. Accordingly, the analysis...

Author(s):Fitsum Yimenu

Article in Press

Performance of sentinel 2 image for Land use and land cover classification (LULC) in Awramba watershed, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

Remote sensing is a means for LULC classification. This study was carried out in upper Blue Nile in small catchment called Awramba watershed having an area of 700 ha. To evaluate and tested the accuracy of sentinel 2A level 1 image in land use land cover classification .Thirty –Four training simple ground truth points were collected from the field using GPS. Sentinel 2A level 1C Top of Atmosphere (TOA) captured in...

Author(s):Berhanu G. Sinshaw

Article in Press

Spatial temporal mapping of urban water demand and groundwater development in Nairobi County in Kenya

Water scarcity in African cities often linked to deficiencies in service delivery than limitations in available water resources. These limitations have created a situation where multiple service providers enter the urban space to meet the gap in providing access to water. In this context, water resources managers emerge as the only entity with a common picture of how water resources are managed. They require more...

Author(s):Nathan B. Wangusi

Article in Press

Evaluation of groundwater quality in relation to solid waste dumpsites using water quality index in Maiduguri, Nigeria

This study evaluates the quality of groundwater in relation to dumpsites in Maiduguri, a total of 4 water samples were analysed in dry and wet for physico-chemical characteristics. Temperature, Turbidity, pH, TDS, and EC were measured using standard laboratory instruments. The BOD, DO, COD and NO3 were determined using standard laboratory methods. The heavy metals were analysed using the multi-wave plasma atomic emission...


Article in Press

Evaluating the water use efficiency under full and deficit irrigation; the case of sesame crop (Sesumum I.) in Woreda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia.

Sesame (Sesumum I.) crop is one of the cash crops exported from Ethiopia to Europe and Asia that contributed to the country GDP. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the water use efficiency (WUE) under full and deficit irrigated sesame crop in wereda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia. Sesame crop production was particularly related to the summer (Kiremt rainfall). But due to a variation in rainfall distribution in...

Author(s):Ataklti Gezae

Article in Press

Evaluating the Economic Water Productivity under full and deficit irrigation; the case of sesame crop (Sesumum indicum L.) in woreda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia

Sesame crop (Sesumum indicum L.) is one of the cash crops exported from Ethiopia that contributed to the country GDP (gross domestic product). The main objective of this study was to evaluate the economic water productivity (EWP) under full and deficit irrigated sesame crop in wereda Kafta-Humera, Tigrai-Ethiopia. Sesame crop production was particularly related to the summer (Kiremt rainfall). But due to a variation in...


Article in Press

Hydraulic Performance Assessment of Mychew Small Scale Irrigation Scheme, North Ethiopia

Assessment of irrigation performances is very essential in taking different water management strategies. However, the performance of Mychew irrigation scheme was not assessed yet and hence, this research was undertaken to assess the hydraulic performance of Mychew small scale irrigation scheme. Moreover, identification of the cause and effect for mal-functionality of irrigation structures was also another objective of this...

Author(s):Efriem Tariku Kassa

Article in Press

Influence of bed roughness on near-bed turbulent flow characteristics

Influence of bed roughness on near-bed flow characteristics is of considerable importance, especially in turbulent flows over rough beds. This experimental study is devoted to insight various turbulent flow characteristics such as velocity distributions, Reynolds shear stresses (RSS) and velocity power spectra at the groove, lee and crest level of carrier fluid in an immobile gravel bed stream. Uniform round shape...

Author(s):Ratul Das

Article in Press

ANNs, SVM and empirical methods for modelling reference evapotranspiration with limited climatic data in the city of Xai-Xai, Mozambique

Reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is useful for water management, calculating crop water requirements and irrigation scheduling. ETo was estimated from 5 empirical methods based on temperature, 5 based on solar radiation and on Machine Learning Technique (MLT). The MLT model consisted of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), with 6 architectures each one. The MLT and empirical methods were...

Author(s):Bartolomeu Félix Tangune Catine António Chimene, Inácio Cipriano and Titki Djoal Tarassoum

Article in Press

Evaluating Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Surface Water Availability of Upper Awash Sub-Basin, Ethiopia

Climate change alters regional hydrologic conditions and results in a variety of impacts on water resource systems. Such hydrologic changes will affect almost every aspect of human well-being. The economy of Ethiopia mainly depends on agriculture; and this in turn largely depends on available water resources. The aim of this study is to assess the impacts of climate change on surface water availability of Upper Awash River...

Author(s):Mekonnen H. Daba, Kassa Tadele, Andualem Shimelis, Assefa M. Melesse

Article in Press

Determination of crop evapotranspiration, single and dual crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. in an arid climate

Crop coefficients for Calendula officinalis L. have not been determined yet, although crop coefficients of many plants have been provided by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). C. officinalis L. is a medicinal plant used for manufacturing skin and beauty medication products. This study aimed to determine crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and single and dual crop coefficients (Kc) for C. officinalis L., in the...

Author(s):Farideh S. Hasheminasab-khabisi, Mohammad Mousavi-Baygi and Bahram Bakhtiari

Article in Press

Surface water distribution among the provinces of Pakistan

The water resources sector is both the lifeline and the gear of development in Pakistan. The main source of water in Pakistan is the ‘Indus River System’. Under the ‘1960 Indus Basin Treaty’ with India, Pakistan was entitled to the flow of three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab), with occasional spills from the eastern Rivers Sutlej and Ravi diverted upstream by India. The average annual inflows of the western and...

Author(s):Shaukat Ali Khan, Qazi Tallat M. Siddiqui and Abdul Hannan

Article in Press

Rural water supply sources, systems and systems performance in Nigeria

Access to potable water in rural communities in Nigeria is failing rather than rising. In this context, this paper investigates the landscape of rural water supply in Nigeria using reliable data collected across the six geo-political zones in the country. The data used were obtained through questionnaire surveys, field observations and from records in the national and states agencies responsible for public water supplies....

Author(s):Obeta Michael Chukwuma

Article in Press

Ground water potential mapping for Suryanagara Watershed, Bangalore District, Karnataka State, India

The present work is an attempt to geographic information system (GIS)-based analysis in ground water potential zone identification in hard rock terrains. It is necessary to understand different types of landforms and their characteristics, igneous rock types, geological structures and how they evolved with respect to each other .hydrological characteristics and slope in order to demonstrate the integrated remote sensing...

Author(s):Nanjundi P., Chalapathi K. and Inayathulla M.

Article in Press

Mapping conductive zones using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method around Capitol Landfill Dumpsite in Benin City, Nigeria

In this paper the main results from the implementation and interpretation of the geophysical survey using very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) method carried out in Capitol solid waste disposal site (Southern Nigeria) are presented. The objective of the study was to monitor the effect of suspected leachate contamination in Capitol solid waste disposal site. The survey comprised ten VLF-EM traverses in North-South...

Author(s):I. Ikhifa, M. N. Umego and G. N. Egwuonwu

Article in Press

Surface water quality assessment of Guangua Badiya and Chelenka Rivers for irrigation purposes in Abaya district, Borena zone, Ethiopia

Water in agricultural activities is important for satisfying increasing food demands of the ever-increasing population through irrigation practices which was considered as the main alternative for a sustainable agricultural production. A good quality of surface water has a positive effect on soil and agriculture. However, before using surface water for agricultural purpose, its quality should be tested and analyzed to...

Author(s):Temesgen Kebede and Yonas Ademe

Article in Press

Kullu hydro clustor development in Himachal Pradesh: A vibrant development platform

Small hydro project development activity started in the hilly state in 1900's during the British Raj, while the Ruler Kings were responsible for wellbeing of their small kingdom. The young king of Chamba (HH Bhuri Singh) while returning from overseas study in UK returned with a hydro turbine of 630 KW for the hydroelectric power station. The transport facility and other disadvantages could not stop his entrepreneurial zeal...

Author(s):H. S. Rauth, S. Mukhopadhyaya and M. Gupta

Article in Press

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution by granular activated carbon

The removal of benzene toluene, ethyl benzene and p-Xylene (BTEX) from aqueous solution using granular activated carbon (GAC) was investigated in the study. To determine the efficiency of GAC, the removal of BTEX by GAC was carried out in relation to contact time, adsorption dosage and pH. Comparative studies of batch and column setup and adsorption/desorption were done to determine its efficiency in respect to its...

Author(s):Juliet, O. Ikem

Article in Press

Quantification of water balance using a lysimeter in Mexico

Under conditions of high pressure on water resources, it is essential to quantify the water balance. There are tools to perform the water balance, but unfortunately, they are expensive and hardly accessible in developing countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the water balance using a low-cost lysimeter (LCL). Rainfall was measured using rain gauge. Soil water content (SWC) and infiltration were measured...

Author(s):Hipólito Muñoz-Nava, José Adrián René Grada-Yautentzi, Jorge Batlle-Sales, Elizabeth García-Gallegos and Rafael Valencia-Quintana

Article in Press

Water supply and demand analysis for Chuko Town, Sidama Zone, Southern Nations Nationalities People Regional State (SNNPR), Ethiopia

The provision of adequate and good water quality in developing country is a major concern due to urbanization and rapid population growth. The study town Chuko is facing the problem of inadequate water supply and poor quality. The study was conducted with the objective to assess the information gap on the water supply and demand. To see the gap between supply and demand, basically population growth estimation and water...

Author(s):Abiy Getachew

Article in Press

Mathematical expression for the parameters affecting electromagnetic removal of suspended solids from wastewater

In this research the effect of the electromagnetic field on the efficiency of the removal of the suspended solids from wastewater resulting from the biological treatment in Al-Rustamia treatment plant (Baghdad/ Iraq) was studied. Different parameters (flow rate, contact time, exposure distance, pH, temperature and electromagnetic field) were investigated that have an impact on the removal efficiency of the suspended solids...

Author(s):Hayder Mohamed Abdul-Hameed and Safa Hameed Fadhil

Article in Press

Spatially distributed mapping of rainfall and evapotranspiration across Southeastern Nigeria

Spatial trends of rainfall and reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are crucial for crop water management and sustainable water resources management. Twenty-one years of climatic data were used to estimate ETo using FAO Penman Monteith method in Southeast Nigeria. Two spatial interpolation techniques, inverse distance weighting (IDW) and Kriging (K) in ArcGis were employed to distribute spatial monthly annual and seasonal...

Author(s):Michael Emeka Okechukwu and Constantine Crowner Mbajiorgu

Article in Press

Floodplain delineation in Dongola City-Northern Sudan using digital elevation model

Better understanding of the flood hazard phenomenon and its potential consequences in our society is crucial for the development of flood control polices, risk reduction projects, and other types of flood management strategies. This study focuses on how two different ArcHydro models used to predict the floodplain extent and assess the vulnerability of Dongola city that may affect the estimation of potential flood damage....

Author(s):S. M. Elnour, M. Y. Mohamed and T. S. Ganawa

Article in Press

Hydrological model performance across altitudes, climates and catchment scales

Water resources management decisions are made based on information from predictive models that are capable of simulating the behaviour of hydrological systems. More of these models are in use today and it is becoming increasingly difficult to choose which model to use for particular space and time scales as well as climate. In addition, as a result of climate change there is an increase in the degree of randomness in...

Author(s):Hesbon Otieno

Article in Press

Suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum (Zamfara State) of Nigeria for waste water treatment

Industrial sand is used in filtration of drinking water, processing of wastewater and production of water from wells. Uniform grain shapes and grain size distributions produce efficient filtration bed operation to remove contaminants in both potable water and wastewater. This paper is aimed at finding out the suitability of silica sand from Bukkuyum Local Government Area of Zamfara State of Nigeria, as filtration sand for...

Author(s):A. G. Salisu, J. Saudatu and M. S. Rukaiyat

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