International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 337

Full Length Research Paper

A methodology of finding dispersion coefficient using computational fluid dynamics (CFDs)

Rouzbeh Abbassi*, Faisal Khan and Kelly Hawboldt
Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada, A1B 3X5, Canada
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 June 2010
  •  Published: 31 July 2010

Abstract

 

The treatment efficiency of waste stabilization pond is directly related to its hydraulic regime. The hydraulic efficiency of the pond is dependent on parameters such as the pond geometry, the location of inlet and outlet and the inlet flow velocity. Poorly designed or specified hydraulic parameters may lead to short circuiting and dead regions within the pond. This in turn impacts the dispersion coefficient. Drogue and tracer studies are often used to get actual dispersion coefficients; however, tracer studies can be costly and are therefore not practical to do frequently. The objective of this paper is to obtain the actual dispersion coefficient using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) approach (using Fluent). The CFD results are validated using an actual tracer test.

 

Key words: Stabilization pond, modeling, computational fluid dynamic, residence time distribution, dispersion coefficient