International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 314

Full Length Research Paper

Watershed delineation and morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS mapping techniques in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh, Central Eastern Desert

Mohamed ElKashouty
  • Mohamed ElKashouty
  • Hydrogeology Department, Faculty of Earth Sciences, King AbdulAziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 06 November 2019
  •  Accepted: 30 March 2020
  •  Published: 31 May 2020

Abstract

The development of drainage basins to raise aquifer potentiality is considering the major target in Qena-Safaga-Bir Queh (central Eastern Desert). It is attributed to drought, scarce groundwater resource, expansion of agriculture, growth population, infrastructures, and civilization. Geological, hydrogeological, and morphometric information is used to prepare the drainage development plan and strategy. The morphometric parameters were used to evaluate the hydraulic conductivity of the surficial lithology. The aquifer recharge rate was established according to permeability ranking of the surface geology. DEM, ETM+8, geologic map, and SPSS were used to characterize the hydrological parameters and delineate the watershed. Ten drainage basins were extracted and characterize for the morphometric analysis. The digital geological distribution, of each basin, was determined from geological and remote sensing data. The morphometric parameters (drainage density, constant channel maintenance, length of overland flow, drainage frequency, and drainage texture ratio) indicate the basins related to medium surface rock permeability (weight score 7-12). Multivariate statistical techniques were investigated using 17 morphometric descriptors (variables). The dendrogram analysis (R-mode) was divided into two cluster, which was subdivided into four groups. BirQueh basin is independent basin due to highest drainage area and perimeter. There is great hydrological similarity between sub basin 9 and 10 (wadi Qena). Wadi Safaga is hydrologically similar to sub basin 3, followed by sub basin 4. The principle component analysis contains four factors and represented by 74% of the total variance in the data. It identifies the promising areas in local scale, so that development and agriculture are easier.

Key words: Drainage basins, morphometric parameters, SPSS, central Eastern desert.