From the times of the industrial revolution, there has been an enormous change in social and economic growth leading to various compromise in other areas such as environmental degradation at the expense of development and modernization, most settings tend to focus more on social and economic stands and other important strands of the environment without appreciating the status and changes in the environment. The rationale is that the world keeps on getting complex within our own existence. This is giving rise to a lot of dimensional issue, such as climate change, biodiversity, inequality, health related issues among many other things. This changes requires a multisectorial approach and a careful consideration on preservation of our world and hence the importance of sustainable development. The paper also covers a case study on provision of quality water supply and sanitation as a major concern of the Zambian government receiving significant attention. This review assessed management approaches employed in water supply and sanitation service provision in selected parts of Lusaka, Zambia, following the 1994 Water Sector Reforms in Zambia. In the Lusaka sanitation case study the consideration is to try to address the sanitation service delivery model for urban and peri-urban areas of Lusaka.
Keywords: sustainable development, faecal sludge system, water and sanitation