International Journal of
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6613
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Tannery wastewater treatment using two-stage anaerobic sequence batch reactor (ASBR) at mesophilic and thermophilic phase

Messay Emana
  • Messay Emana
  • Biotechnology Center, Environmental Biotechnology Directorate, Ethiopia Biotechnology Institute, Temenga Yaze Sares- Kality Road, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mekibib Dawita
  • Mekibib Dawita
  • University of South Africa, 35 Lyon House, Broadly Street, London, NW8 8AR, UK.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 October 2018
  •  Published: 31 January 2019


Abadi Y (2000). Current problems of the leather industry. In The opportunities and challenges enhancing goat production in East Africa. Proceedings of a conference held at Debub University, Awassa, Ethiopia 1012:139-143.


Andualem M (2008). Developing a lab scale sequencing batch reactor and evaluating its performance for the treatment of tannery wastewater. MSc thesis in Environmental Science Addis Ababa University pp. 36-42.


American Public Health Association (APHA) (1999). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th edition. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association and Water Environment Federation, Washington, D.C.


Bohdziewicz J, Neczaj E, Kwarciak A (2008). Landfill leachate treatment by means of anaerobic membrane bioreactor. Desalination 221(1-3):559-565.


Dida A (2010). Optimization and design of biogas digester for the co- digestion of sewage sludge and abattoir waste: Addis Ababa University.


Dugba PN, Zhang R (1999). Treatment of dairy wastewater with two-stage anaerobic sequencing batch reactor system – thermophilic versus mesophilic operations. Bioresource Technology 68(3):225-233.


EPA (2003). Provisional Standards for Industrial Pollution Control in Ethiopia: ESID Project, US/ETH/99/068/Ethiopia, EPA/UNIDO, Addis Ababa.


Fokhrul MI (2009). International Bio-slurry Workshop and Study Tour Prepared for Netherlands Development Organization (SNV), Bangladesh.


Gerardi MH (2002). Nitrification and Denitrification in the activated sludge process. Wastewater Microbiology Series John Willy and Sons, Inc, New York P 412.


Grunditz C, Dalhammar G (2001). Development of nitrification inhibition assays using pure cultures of Nitrosomonas and Nitrobacter. Water Research 35(2):433-440.


Haandel AC, Lettinga G (1994). "Anaerobic sewage treatment: a practical guide for regions with a hot climate." Bioenger 1:174-180.


Hanna H (2010). Developing and evaluating the performance of sequencial batch reactor for the treatment of sulfur rich Modjo tannery effulent; MSc. Thesis, AAU, Addis Ababa.


Hulshoff P (1995). Waste characteristics and factors affecting reactor performance. Lecture notes by Hulshoff Pol in International Course on Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment, Wageningen Agriculture University, The Delft, Netherlands, 1995.


Kasapgil B, Ince O, Anderson GK (1995). Determination of operating conditions in anaerobic acid-phase reactor treating dairy waste, Proc. 50th Ind. Waste Conf. Purdue University, Ann Arbor Science pp. 669-681.


Kheradmand S, Karimi-Jashni A, Sartaj M (2010). Treatment of municipal landfill leachate using a combined anaerobic digester and activated sludge system. Waste Management 30(6): 1025-1031.


Kumar RDH, Lee SM (2012) Water Pollution and Treatment Technologies. Journal Environment Analytical Toxicology 2:e103. 


Levenspiel (1972). Non ideal flow. In Chemical Reaction Engineering, 2nd edition. Wiley, New York pp. 253-308.


Meabe E, Déléris S, Soroa S, Sancho L (2013). "Performance of anaerobic membrane bioreactor for sewage sludge treatment: Mesophilic and thermophilic processes." Journal of Membrane Science 446:26-33. 


Messay E, Mekibib D (2017). Two-stage anaerobic sequence batch digestion of Composite tannery wastewater. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 11(11):578-586.


Metcalf W, Eddy P (1991). Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal and Reuse. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA P 255.


Metcalf W, Eddy P (2003). Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse. McGrew-Hill Higher Education: New York. 4th Ed P 483.


Mladenovska Z, Ahring BK (2000). Growth kinetics of thermophilic Methanosarcina spp. isolated from full-scale biogas plants treating animal manure. FEMS Microbial Ecology 31:225-229.


Oude Elferink SJWH, Visser A, Hulshoff Pol L, Stams AJM (1994). Sulfate reduction in methanogenic bioreactors. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 15(2‐3):119-136.


Richard P (1968). Economic History of Ethiopia (Addis Ababa: Haile Selassie University pp. 293-339.


Rinzema A, Lettinga G (1988). Anaerobic Treatment of Sulfate Containing Waste Water. In: Wise, D.L. (Ed.), Biotreatment Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 3:65-109.


Seyoum L (2004). Developing and optimization process for biological removal from tannery waste water in Ethiopia; Doctoral dissertation from department of biotechnology, Royal Institute of technology, Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN: 91-7283-8302.


Seyoum L, Fasil A, Gumaelius L, Dalhammar G (2004). Biological Nitrogen and Organic Matter Removal from Tannery Wastewater in Pilot Plant Operations in Ethiopia. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Springer-Verlag 66(3):333-339.


Speece RE (1983). The response of methane bacteria to toxicity. Proc. 3rd.Int. Symp. on Anaerobic Di-gestion . Agosto 14-19, Boston, pp. 23-35.


Tadesse A (2010) Evaluation of Selected Wetland Plants for the Removal Efficiency of Chromium and Organic Pollutants from Tannery Wastewater in Constructed Wetlands at Modjo Tannery; MSc. Thesis, AAU, Addis Ababa.


Van Lier JB, Grolle KC, Stams AJ, de Macario EC, Lettinga G (1992). Start-up of a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) reactor with mesophilic granular sludge. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 37(1):130-135.


Vieno NM, Tuhkanen T, Kronberg L (2006). Analysis of neutral and basic pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plants and in recipient rivers using solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry detection. Journal of Chromatography 1134(1-2):101-111., 


Wild HE, Sawyer CN, McMahon TC (1971). Factors affecting nitrification kinetics. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation 43(9):1845-1854.


Williams PT (1998). Waste treatment and disposal; Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.


World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF (2004). Final MDG progress report on water and sanitation released Joint WHO/UNICEF news release.