ISABB Journal of
Health and Environmental Sciences

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF AFRICAN BIOTECHNOLOGISTS AND BIOSCIENTISTS
  • Abbreviation: ISABB J. Health Environ. sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1937-3236
  • DOI: 10.5897/ISABB-JHE
  • Start Year: 2011
  • Published Articles: 14

Full Length Research Paper

Factors associated with irregular consumption of fruits and vegetables among health professionals in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE
  • Yewayan Larba Berenger KABORE
  • Department of Public Health Studies, Senghor University of Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Google Scholar
Jean TESTA
  • Jean TESTA
  • Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire (CERMES), Niger.
  • Google Scholar
Aristide Romaric BADO
  • Aristide Romaric BADO
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS) du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (CNRST), Burkina-Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Anyovi FOLLY
  • Anyovi FOLLY
  • Departement de Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire et de Génétique Appliquée, Université Joseph Ki Zerbo, Burkina-Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Souleymane KABORE
  • Souleymane KABORE
  • Direction Régionale de la Santé du Centre-est, Burkina-Faso.
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  •  Received: 26 October 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 January 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

Fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) are an essential food group for humans and prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study is to know the level of consumption of F&Vs by health professionals in Ouagadougou and their determinants. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted from May to August 2016 in the Central Region of Burkina Faso. It included 442 health workers according to cluster sampling. Data collection tools consisted of frequency of food consumption of fruits and vegetables.  The results showed that the level of F&Vs consumption among health professionals is very low. Only 11.5% of respondents consumed fruits every day and 21.8% did the same for vegetables and 1.4% of health professionals consumed more than five servings of F&Vs per day. Only 1.6% of health professionals surveyed had sufficient knowledge of the functions of F&Vs, and 85.8% were not aware of the recommendations of World Health Organizations regarding the consumption of F&Vs. Gender, distance from the fruit supply, and average monthly financial income were associated with the irregularity of the fruit consumption at the threshold of 5% in the univariate analysis. However, in the multivariate analysis, gender, profession, distance from fruit supply and average monthly financial income were predictive of irregular fruit consumption. The level of F&Vs consumption in health professionals is low, as is their level of knowledge of the functions of F&Vs.

 

Key words: Burkina Faso, consumption, determinants, fruits and vegetables, health professionals.