Journal of
Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Biotech. Sustain. Dev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2340
  • DOI: 10.5897/JABSD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 128

Full Length Research Paper

Popularization of Koekoek poultry breed for enhancing livelihood of poor households: A case of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Temesgen Tesfay
  • Temesgen Tesfay
  • Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Raya University, Maychew, Ethiopia.
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Hagos Kidane
  • Hagos Kidane
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Tesfay Atsebha
  • Tesfay Atsebha
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Teshale Teklu
  • Teshale Teklu
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process Mekelle, Ethiopia.
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Solomon Wayu
  • Solomon Wayu
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Adehanom Baraki
  • Adehanom Baraki
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Yekalo Teklay
  • Yekalo Teklay
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Zebrhe Teklay
  • Zebrhe Teklay
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Haileselassie Amare
  • Haileselassie Amare
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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Zelealem Tesfay
  • Zelealem Tesfay
  • Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Alamata Agricultural Research Center, Animal Science Core Process, Alamata, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 25 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 03 February 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2018

Abstract

Demonstration of Koekoek breed was conducted at Raya-Azebo and Enda-Mehoni Woredas with 10 poor households with the objective of increasing the productivity of poultry thereby improving livelihood of the resource poor farmers in Ethiopia. Koekoek breed had significantly (P<0.05) superior on number of eggs laid per clutch (26 egg/clutch) as compared to local breed (15 egg/clutch). Beside this, the Koekoek breed is also superior in both sexes (male 2.6 kg and female 1.9 kg) on yearly body weights as compared to local breed. Koekoeks breed had significant (P<0.05) mean scored of 6 over local breed on production and reproduction performance. The farmers perceived that Koekoek breed had superior traits on body weight, number of eggs laid per month, egg size, vent size and marketability weight of egg. However, local breed was as superior as Koekoek breed on tail height, body color, leg length and color. The breed is now playing a great role as source of cash income to the beneficiary households and covers various expenses such as educational expense, saving, routine daily life expense, house equipments, electronic device sheep and feeds. Also, the breed is being disseminated to large number of farmers through the farmer to farmer dissemination approach. Beneficiary farmers are selling eggs to their neighbors and the male Koekoeks are playing roles as community based breed improvement. Hence, efforts should be made by the extension and other actors to further scale out the breeds.

Key words: Body weight, chicken, egg, farmers, local.