The impact mitigation for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) has continued to be prioritized as an immediate measure and action which is clearly stated in a newly-launched comprehensive National Strategic Plan III (2011 - 2015). With an effort of the national response, OVCs have gained wider access to health services but only very little access to social supports such as educational and economic development. In a detailed study of HIV impacts and responses to OVCs in Kien Svay district of Kandal province, Cambodia, it was found that educational and economic development is the only way out to breaking a poverty cycle of OVCs and of their families. Since the educational and economic development support needs high and long-term investment, the government plays a very important role in coordinating and launching a nation-wide scheme with the insurance of sufficient funding.
Key words: Orphans, vulnerable children, Kien Svay district, Kandal province, Cambodia.
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