Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

Full Length Research Paper

Opinion of surgical eye patients on preoperative routine HIV screening in a resource-limited economy

Abdulkabir Ayansiji Ayanniyi
  • Abdulkabir Ayansiji Ayanniyi
  • Department of Ophthalmology, University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.Department of Ophthalmology, College of Health Sciences, University of Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Rashidat Oluwafunke Ayanniyi
  • Rashidat Oluwafunke Ayanniyi
  • Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Sunday Adeyemi Adefisan
  • Sunday Adeyemi Adefisan
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.Department of Ophthalmology, University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed Jimoh Saka
  • Mohammed Jimoh Saka
  • Health Reform Foundation of Nigeria (HERFON) 10, Sakono Street, Wuse II, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Mohammed Danfulani
  • Mohammed Danfulani
  • Department of Radiology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 21 July 2010
  •  Published: 31 August 2010

Abstract

Despite inherent benefits, routine (HIV) test is still controversial. A cross-sectional survey of 198 preoperative eye patients was carried out at a Nigerian hospital to determine their opinion on preoperative routine HIV screening. Participants comprised 121 (61%) males and 77 (39%) females, mean age 56 years SD 17. Most (77%) had at least primary education. Awareness of HIV/AIDS was high (96%) and radio was the commonest (73%) source of awareness. Just 18% previously had HIV screening, only 37% had positive attitudes towards routine HIV test. Many admitted stigmatization (47%), discrimination (48%) and lack of cure (44%) as challenges of HIV/AIDS. There were no associations (p > 0.05) between participants’ educational levels and awareness of HIV/AIDS, previous HIV test, consenting to preoperative HIV test. Also, there were no associations between  participants’ gender and awareness of HIV/AIDS, previous HIV test, but male gender was associated with consenting to preoperative HIV test (p = 0.011). Continued support for HIV enlightenment (73%) and funding of research into cure for HIV/AIDS 59% were recommended. Discordance exists in participants’ awareness, education and attitudes to routine HIV test. Stigmatization, discrimination and lack of cure still lively HIV/AIDS challenges. Informed consent before preoperative HIV test and continued support for HIV/AIDS are underscored.

 

Key words: Attitude, informed consent, patient right, preoperative eye patient, routine HIV test.